UNHCR reports 82.4 million displaced

UNHCR released its annual Global Trends report, covering displacement that occurred during 2019. The report says the number of people forcibly displaced was 82.4 million at the end of 2020, leaving the population of forcibly displaced at another record high.

Of these 82,4 million forcibly displaced,

  • 26,4 million were refugees
  • 48 million were internally displaced
  • 3.9 Venezuelans displaced abroad
  • 4.1 million were asylum seekers

86% of the world's refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad were hosted in deveoping countries.

About 73% of refugees live in countries neighbouring their countries of origin.

About 42% of the displaced are children.

During the year, 11.2 million people were newly displaced.

Relative to their national populations, the island of Aruba hosted the largest number of Venezuelans displaced abroad (1 in 6) while Lebanon hosted the largest number of refugees (1 in 8), followed by Curaçao (1 in 10), Jordan (1 in 15) and Turkey (1 in 23).

More than two thirds (68 per cent) of all refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad came from just five countries:

  • Syrian Arab Republic 6.7 million
  • Venezuela 4.0 million
  • Afghanistan 2.6 million
  • South Sudan 2.2 million
  • Myanmar 1.1 million

[...]

Asylum-seekers submitted 1.1 million new claims. The United States of America was the world’s largest recipient of new individual applications (250,800), followed by Germany (102,600), Spain (88,800), France (87,700) and Peru (52,600).

The report can be accessed at the following link:

UNHCR: Global Trends. Forced Displacement in 2020, 18 June 2021
https://www.unhcr.org/60b638e37/unhcr-global-trends-2020

For numbers on asylum decisions in the European Union in 2020, see the following EUROSTAT publication:

In 2020, the EU Member States granted protection status to 281 000 asylum seekers, down by 5% compared to 2019 (295 600). [...]

The largest group of beneficiaries of protection status in the EU in 2020 were Syrians (74 700 or 27% of the total number of persons granted protection status in the EU), continuing the trend observed since 2012. Among the Syrian citizens granted protection status in the EU, 60% received protection status in Germany.

Venezuelans (47 100 or 17% of the EU total) ranked second and notably 96% of Venezuelans were granted protection status in Spain.

Afghans (42 200 or 15%) were the third main citizenship granted protection status. 35% of Afghans who received protection status were recorded in Germany.

Among the top twenty citizenships that received first instance decisions in 2020, Venezuelans (95%), Syrians (85%) and Eritreans (81%) had the highest recognition rates, while Colombians (2%), Georgians (4%) and Albanians (5%) had the lowest.

Among the top twenty citizenships that received final instance decisions in appeal or review in 2020, Syrians (74%), Afghans (54%) and Malians (45%) had the highest recognition rates, while Georgians (3%), Albanians (5%) and Armenians (8%) had the lowest.

EUROSTAT: EU granted protection to over 280 000 asylum applicants in 2020, 21 April 2021

EASO has not yet released the final version of its Asylum Trends for 2020, but offers a preliminary overview: https://easo.europa.eu/asylum-trends-2020-preliminary-overview

About this blog