The history, mandate, activities and status of the Turkey and North Kurdistan Liberation Organisation (TKKKO); its relationship with the Youth for Independence Organization and with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK); the treatment of persons with past convictions of membership in the TKKKO by Turkish authorities [TUR41599.E]

According to the Report of Fact-Finding Mission to Turkey, which was prepared by the United Kingdom's Immigration and Nationality Directorate, the German Federal Office for the Recognition of Foreign Refugees published a report in February 2001 that "lists political parties which have been proscribed in Turkey" (17-23 Mar. 2001). This list includes the Turkey and North Kurdistan Liberation Organisation (TKKKO) (UK 17-23 Mar. 2001).

No further reference to the TKKKO could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within time constraints.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

Reference


United Kingdom. 17-23 March 2001. Immigration and Nationality Directorate. Report of Fact-Finding Mission to Turkey. http://www.ind.homeoffice.gov.uk/default.asp?PageId=2990 [Accessed 16 May 2003]

Additional Sources Consulted


Arm the Spirit did not respond to a letter requesting information within time constraints.

The Communist Party of Turkey (Marxist-Leninist) (TKP/ML) did not respond to a letter requesting information within time constraints.

Defense and Foreign Affairs Handbook. 2002. 15th ed.

The Europa Word Year Book 2002

Extremist Groups. 2002

Human Rights Watch (HRW), Washington, DC, did not respond to a letter requesting information within time constraints.

International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam.

International Terrorism and Political Violence. 2002

IRB Databases

Jane's Intelligence Review. Dec. 1995 - May 2003

Jane's Terrorism and Security Monitor. Mar. 2003 - May 2003

NEXIS

Political Handbook of the World 1999

Political Parties of the World. 2002

The Revolutionary Peoples Liberation Front (DHKC) did not respond to a letter requesting information within time constraints.

Unsuccessful attempts to contact the Institute for the Study of Violent Groups, Huntsville, Texas.

The World's Most Dangerous Places. 1998

World News Connection

Internet sites, including:

Al-Bawaba

Amnesty International

Arm the Spirit

BBC

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2002

European Country of Origin Network

Federation of American Scientists

Human Rights Association of Turkey

Human Rights Foundation of Turkey

Human Rights Watch

Kurdish Human Rights Project

KurdishMedia.com

Kurdistan Information Centre

Kurdistan Observer

Leftist Parties of the World

MAZLUMDER (Organization of Human Rights and Solidarity for Oppressed People)

Office of Internatinal Criminal Justice

Patterns of Global Terrorism. 2000-2002

Polity

teror.gen.tur

Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2002

Turkish Daily News

Turkey Update

World Immigration and Deportation

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