A sect in Awo town, Imo State, called Ughamiri, god of water worshipper; customs, rituals, lineages [NGA41796.E]

No mention of the Ughamiri sect could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

However, several references were found to the lake goddess or spirit called Uhamiri, a character found in the novel entitled Efuru by the Nigerian writer Flora Nwapa (FMC n.d.; Pegasos n.d.; Seminar June 2000; UGA n.d.; WMU n.d.). Uhamiri contains the root word mmiri which means water in Igbo (FMC n.d.). Additional documentary references to Uhamiri could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Franklin and Marshall College (FMC). n.d. "Nwaanyi Mara Mma: Mami Wata, The More than Beautiful Woman." http://www.fandm.edu/departments/Anthropology/mami.html [Accessed 6 Aug. 2003]

Pegasos. n.d. "Flora Nwapa (1931-1993)." http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/nwapa.htm [Accessed 6 Aug. 2003]

Seminar [New Delhi]. June 2000. No. 490. Anthonia C. Kalu. "Women in African Literature." http://www.india-seminar.com/2000/490/490%20kalu.htm [Accessed 29 Aug. 2003]

University of Georgia (UGA). n.d. Rose Ure Mezu. "Women In Achebe's World." http://www.uga.edu/~womanist/1995/mezu.html [Accessed 29 Aug. 2003]

Western Michigan University (WMU). n.d. "Efuru." http://www.wmich.edu/dialogues/texts/efuru.html [Accessed 28 Aug. 2003]

Additional Sources Consulted


Encyclopeadia Britannica

IRB Databases

Internet sites, including:



Apologetics Index


Daily Times Online

Full Moon Magic Deities

Imo State Government

Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)

Nigeria Daily

Nigerian Nation


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