Information on the Udmurt ethnic group, including their current treatment [EST27517.E]

For information on the Udmurts in Estonia, please consult the attached facsimile sent to the DIRB on 15 August 1997 by the director of the Aleksanteri Institute in Helsinki. In a 15 August 1997 telephone interview, the director stated that the Aleksanteri Institute at the Finnish Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Helsinki, is a research institute specializing in the Baltic States and Russia. The Institute also provides consultation and information services to businesses and the Finnish government. The director added that the information in the 15 August 1997 facsimile represents the viewpoint of the Institute.

Corroborating information on the Udmurts in Estonia could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Aleksanteri Institute, Helsinki. 15 August 1997. Telephone interview with the director.


Aleksanteri Institute, Helsinki. 15 August 1997. Facsimile sent to the DIRB.

Additional Sources Consulted

Amnesty International Report. Yearly.

Baltic Times [Riga]. Weekly.

CSCE Digest [Washington]. Monthly.

DIRB country file on Estonia.

DIRB databases.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports. Daily.

Minority Rights Group International Report [London]. Irregular.

Nationalities Papers [Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK]. Quarterly.

News from Helsinki Watch [New York]. Monthly.

Transition [Prague]. Twice monthly.

Uncaptive Minds [Washington]. Quarterly.

On-line search of media sources.

Unsuccessful attempts to contact other oral sources.