1) Laws regarding distribution of pamphlets critical of the government 2) Known cases of persecution, IRB decisions favourable, regarding Muslims in Kenya 3) What is Muslim Youth Movement 4) What is Mwakenya and are the members part of the underground political movement? [KEN2686]

1) The Penal Code of Kenya contains Article 57(2) which deals with "possession of a seditious publication" and Article 57(1) dealing with "distribution of a seditious publication". Amnesty International in its publication, Kenya: Torture, Political Detention and Unfair Trials, writes that since March 1986 there have been over 75 trials in Kenya of people accused of political offences, many of them in connection with Mwakenya. [Amnesty International, Kenya: Torture, Political Detention and Unfair Trials, (London: Amnesty International, 1987), p.25.] Those convicted under Article 57(2) (which carries a maximum sentence of seven years' imprisonment) received prison sentences of four or five years. Those convicted under Article 57(1) (which carries a maximum ten-year prison sentence) were imprisoned for five or six years. The IRB Documentation Centre does not hold a copy of the Penal Code of Kenya, and we are unable to supply you with a copy of the text of Article 57.

2) Please see the attached copy of the response prepared earlier this year in response to the same question. We have no information in the IRB Documentation Centre concerning IRB decisions which were favourable to Muslims from Kenya.
3) We have no information on the Muslim Youth Movement in Kenya.
4) See p.569 from Africa South of the Sahara 1989 and pp. 5-6 of Kenya: Torture, Political Detention and Unfair Trials, attached, for a description of the Mwakenya and its members.