IRB – Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (Autor)
In telephone interviews on 19 and 20 July
1999, the vice-president of the Romanian Helsinki Committee in
Bucharest provided the following information which represents her
The Hungarian national day in Romania is
March 15th, and on this date ethnic Hungarians, particularly in
Transylvania, publicly display the Hungarian flag. In previous
years, their hoisting of the Hungarian flag in public has resulted
in denunciations in the media. The vice-president has not heard any
reports indicating that ethnic Hungarians were denounced this year
for displaying the Hungarian flag in public on the Hungarian
national day. The vice-president stated that no one has been
prosecuted in Romania for publicly displaying a foreign flag under
Article 7 of Law No. 75 of 1994, or under any other legislation.
The vice-president did not know whether the possession of a foreign
flag while crossing the Hungarian-Romanian border was legal. The
vice-president added that neither the possession of a foreign flag
while crossing the Hungarian-Romanian border, nor the public
possession of a foreign flag, would be considered as acts of
treason under Romanian legislation.
For additional information on the hoisting
of foreign flags in Romania, please consult ROM25231.EX of 28
A 9 February 1999 AP article states:
Funar [Gheorghe Funar], a top member of the extremist Greater Romania Party, became mayor [of Cluj] in 1992 of this city of 330,000 about 325 kilometers (200 miles) northwest of Bucharest. He has since banned beggars and foreign flags, notably flags of the large ethnic Hungarian minority.
No additional information on whether
Romanian citizens who possess Hungarian flags, including those who
possess them while crossing the Hungarian-Romanian border, are
committing a legal infraction in Romania, particularly that of
treason, could be found among the sources consulted by the Research
This Response was prepared after
researching publicly accessible information currently available to
the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is
not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any
particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the
list of additional sources consulted in researching this
The Associated Press (AP). 9 February
1999. "Pictures of Naked Women Banned By Ultranationalist Mayor."
Romanian Helsinki Committee, Bucharest.
19-20 July 1999. Telephone interviews with the vice-president.
Additional Sources Consulted
Electronic sources: IRB databases,
Internet, NEXIS/LEXIS, REFWORLD, WNC.
Resource Centre country file on Romania.
January 1998 - May 1999.
Transitions [Prague]. May 1998
- March 1999.
Unsuccessful attempts to contact other