IRB – Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (Autor)
No mention of a Beheshti College in Shiraz
could be found among the sources consulted by the Research
However, according to the Higher Education
Advisory of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Canada:
The primary as well as guidance schoolteachers are trained in a number of various institutions under the auspices of the Ministry of Education. Secondary school teachers are trained in universities under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education. Teacher training centers affiliated with the Ministry of Education train primary and guidance schoolteachers. There are several centers, which perform this task as follows:
Rural Teacher Training Centers
Because of the shortage of teachers in rural areas, the Ministry has established specific institutions for training teachers who will be teaching at rural areas. After finishing the guidance cycle (grade 8), students will be trained in special institutions for the duration of four years. After graduation, they will teach in schools in rural areas. Furthermore, under a new plan, the Ministry will be sending conscripts as teachers in rural areas. One thousand conscripts started their work at rural areas in the academic year 1989-1990.
Primary school teacher training institution (grades 1-5)
After finishing grade 10 in the high school, some students who are interested in teaching will be admitted to this special teacher-training program which lasts only two years. The graduates of this program are entitled to teach in either rural or urban primary schools.
Guidance cycle teacher training centers (grades 6-8)
For the purpose of training qualified teachers for grades 6-8, the Ministry admits students who have already graduated from the high school and hold their diploma through a nation-wide examination. They are required to study for another 2 years in teacher training institutions. Both primary and guidance teacher training institutions offer wide range of courses which lead to the award of an Associate Diploma (n.d.).
Furthermore, examinations are held at the
end of each secondary school grade and:
due to increasing number of applicants, admission to post-secondary institutions is through a nation-wide entrance examination and thus only the most talented students can enter universities. Finally, in general, education (in primary, secondary, and post-secondary levels) is free of charge though private schools and universities authorized by law are allowed to charge tuition fees (ibid.).
While the Higher Education Advisory states
that admission to university is based on grades, it does not state
whether other factors, such as extra-curricular activities, are
considered. Furthermore, while stating that primary and guidance
teachers are trained in teacher colleges under the direct
jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, and secondary school
teachers complete programs at the university level, it does not
indicate whether admission to the teacher colleges is based on
grades and/or other factors. In addition, no mention is made of
whether different standards of admission are used for men and
women, although the Higher Education Advisory does state that in
1991-92, out of the total paid full- and part-time teaching staff
in post-secondary programs, 17.3% were women (ibid.).
This Response was prepared after
researching publicly accessible information currently available to
the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is
not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any
particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the
list of additional sources consulted in researching this
Higher Education Advisory of he Islamic
Republic of Iran in Canada. n.d. "Education System in Iran."
[Accessed 23 June 1999]
Additional Sources Consulted
The World of Learning
1997-1999. 1996 - 1998. 48th ed. London: Europa
Electronic sources: IRB Databases,
Internet, REFWORLD, World News Connection (WNC).