IRB – Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (Autor)
As discussed by telephone on 20 April 1990,
information on abuses in rural Mexico currently available to the
Ottawa IRBDC, other than that already made available to you by your
regional Documentation Centre is rather scarce since, according to
various sources, human rights abuse investigation and press
coverage in that country are very limited. Please find attached
sections of two documents which deal with the requested subject.
The first one, pages 2-9 of Mexico: Human Rights in Rural
Areas (London: Amnesty International, 1986), deals with the
subject although with a certain focus on cases linked to political
activity. The second document, Mexique: situation des droits de
l'homme (Federation Internationale des Droits de l'Homme,
1985), pages 2-9, addresses conflicts in rural areas involving
large and small landowners, as well as hired gunmen and security
forces. The document also states (in page 7) that the main problems
affecting peasants include lack of legal defense and lengthy waits
before meeting judges, forcible signature of alleged confessions,
lack of medical assistance after being injured and, with some
communities, closure of community schools as teachers are ousted by
gunmen or security forces. The document reports a number of cases
related to the requested subject.
Also attached, please find a copy of the
section on Mexico from World Human Rights Guide, (London:
The Economist, 1986), which contains references to violence, access
to legal defence and police reliability in rural and other
However, as discussed by telephone on 20
April 1990, livestock is not a subject dealt with by the attached
"Caciques" is a term usually used in Latin
America to describe people who wield considerable local 'de facto'
power and influence because of their wealth, ruthless methods
and/or political connections.