Control of the city of Cazengo until September 1996, and the treatment by the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), after September 1996, of persons forced to work for the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) [AGO39151.E]

Information on the above-mentioned topic could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. Cazengo is a district located in the province of Kwanza Norte (OCHA 25 Apr. 2000), and the Research Directorate was only able to find two sources that made reference to this district.

In January 1993, one news source stated that "[t]he greatest unrest was at Cazenga, where homes of Zaireans and 'Bakongo' from northern Angola were pillaged" (AFP 23 Jan. 1993), but the article did not state whether UNITA was responsible for this unrest. Another news source stated that UNITA had planted a bomb in Cazenga on 17 September 1993, and a mine on 11 October 1993 (Televisao Popular de Angola 17 Dec. 1993).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Agence France Presse (AFP). 23 January 1993. "Angolan Government Sets Pre-Conditions for Talks." (NEXIS)

Televisao Popular de Angola [Luanda, in Portuguese]. 15 December 1993. "Police Communique Lists Bombs It Says Were Planted by UNITA." (BBC Summary 17 Dec. 1993/NEXIS)

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). 25 April 2000. "Report on Rapid Assessment of Critical Needs - April 2000." [Accessed 16 Sept. 2002]

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Confidential. January to October 1996.

Africa Research Bulletin. January to October 1996.


Amnesty International.

Angola Peace Monitor. April 1995 to December 1996.


Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1997. United States Department of State. Washington, DC.

Human Rights Watch.

IRB databases.

United States Agency for International Development.

United States Committee for Refugees.


World News.

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