Information on the Mouvement patriotique du 5 octobre (MO5), its creation, members, goals and objectives, and its source of financing, between 1990 and 1995 [TGO19600.E]

Information on the source of financing of the Mouvement patriotique du 5 octobre (MO5) is currently unavailable to the DIRB in Ottawa. However, for information on the goals, objectives and membership of the MO5, which is also refered to as the October 5 Patriotic Movement by Reuters in a 31 July 1992 report, please refer to the attachments. Also, please refer to page 2908 of The Europa Year Book 1994, which is currently available at Regional Documentation Centres.

This response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum.


Reuters. 31 July 1992. "Strike Over Killing Cripples Togo's Capital." (NEXIS)


Agence France Presse (AFP). 31 January 1993. Hugh Nevill. "Des représentants de l'opposition togolaise réclament une intervention extérieure 'humanitaire'." (NEXIS)

BBC Summary of World Broadcasts. 25 August 1992. "Togo PM on Ransacking of Election Equipment; Groups Press for Referendum." (NEXIS)

_____. 14 April 1992. "Two Togolese Parties Condemn Army Takeover of Radio and Television Stations." (NEXIS)

La Ligue des droits et libertés du Québec. 1992. Nabe Vincent Coulabily, Pierre Poupart and Claude Zanchettin. "Togo: Rapport de mission 22 novembre-2 décembre 1992. Montréal: La Ligue des droits et libertés du Québec, p. 40.

Le Monde [Paris]. 28 January 1993. Jean-Karim Fall. "Togo: après la violente répression policière la tension reste vive à Lomé." (NEXIS)

Political Handbook of the World: 1992. 1992. Edited by Arthur S. Banks. Binghamton, NY: CSA Publications, pp. 763-766.

Reuters. 31 July 1992. PM Cycle. "Strike Over Killing Cripples Togo's Capital." (NEXIS)

_____. 30 July 1992. BC Cycle. "At Least 20 Hurt in Protest Against Togo Killing." (NEXIS)

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Confidential [London]. Weekly.

Africa Events [London]. Monthly.

Africa Research Bulletin: Political Series [London]. Monthly.

Afrique/Asie [Paris].

Amnesty International Report. Yearly.

Angel, William D. 1990. Youth Movements in the World.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Yearly.

DIRB country file Togo.

Documentation-Réfugiés [Paris]. Weekly.

The Europa World Year Book. Yearly.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports. Daily.

Jeune Afrique [Paris]. Weekly.

Keesing's Record of World Events. Monthly.

La lettre du continent [Paris]. Weekly.

New African [London]. Monthly.

Revolutionary and Dissident Movements: An International Guide. 1991.

West Africa [London]. Weekly.