IRB – Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (Autor)
For information on the above-mentioned
subject please consult Responses to Information Requests SOM23290.E
of 14 March 1996 and SOM20438.E of 14 April 1995 which are
available at your Regional Documentation Centre.
According to Bernhard Helander, editor of
Somalia News Update, the Tumaal are a small group regarded
as inferior by other Somalis because they [Tumaal], are not part of
the major clan families and because they work as artisans and
blacksmiths, occupations which are "despised" in Somalia
(Supplement to Information Session on Country Conditions on
Somalia, 15 Feb. 1996, 74).
The Tumaal are reportedly found throughout
the Somali speaking territories but following the fall of Siad
Barre, in 1991, the Tumaal allegedly experienced "some persecution
due to the fact that a member of this group, Ali Samatar, had held
a number of high government offices during the former regime"
For additional information on the Tumaal
and their relationship to the Midgan please consult the IRB's
Supplement to Information Session on Country Conditions on
Somalia, pp. 74-76.
This Response was prepared after
researching publicly accessible information currently available to
the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does
not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular
claim to refugee status or asylum.
Bernhard Helander, "Vulnerable
Minorities in Somalia and Somaliland," in Supplement to
Information Session on Country Conditions on Somalia, Toronto
Front, 15 February 1996.