a-5117 (ACC-IND-5117)

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Siehe zu Akali Dal (Simarhit Singh Mann) auch ACCORD-Anfragebeantwortung a-4382 vom April 2005.
3.10 Members of Akali Dal
3.10.1 Members of the Akali Dal political party may claim that they fear ill-treatment amounting to persecution from members of the opposing Congress Party.
3.10.3 Sufficiency of protection. Police are a civil authority controlled by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs and subordinate to the Executive, represented in the Union Government by the Prime Minister and in the States by the Chief Minister, and their respective Councils of Ministers. The 25 state governments have primary responsibility for maintaining law and order. Each State has its own force headed by a Director-General of Police (DGP) and a number of Additional Directors-General or Inspectors-General of Police (IGP) who look after various portfolios. During 2005, a wide variety of domestic and international human rights groups generally operated without government restriction in India. Those experiencing persecution or ill-treatment from members of opposing political parties or alliances can reasonably seek protection from the Indian authorities and there is no evidence to suggest that such protection is not provided.
3.10.4 Internal relocation. The law provides for freedom of movement and the Government generally respects this in practice, however, in certain border areas the Government requires special permits. Therefore, as a general rule, an internal relocation option exists from one Indian State to another. However, internal relocation for females who need to relocate may not be an option. For single women who do not relocate as part of a family unit, relocation may be difficult and unduly harsh.
3.10.5 Conclusion. The Akali Dal and the Congress Party are both legal political parties within India who campaign and participate in State and National elections. There is no evidence to suggest that members of one party fearing ill-treatment or persecution by individual members of the other party could not seek protection from the authorities or relocate internally to escape a local threat (although, for single women who do not relocate as part of a family unit, relocation may be difficult and unduly harsh). As a result, claims in this category will not generally warrant a grant of asylum and will be clearly unfounded.
Annex C – political organisations
Akali Dal also termed as Shiromani Akali Dal
A Sikh party was formed in 1920 and demanded an independent Sikh state. This demand has been dropped since the Punjab peace accord of 1985. Formed an alliance with the BJP in 1997, but lost the Punjab state elections in 2002. Strong performance in the 2004 elections, winning 10 out of 13 seats in Punjab. It is a major player in the northern state of Punjab where it is currently in opposition.Shiromani Akali Dal (Akali religious party) is a Sikh political party mainly based in Punjab India. Akali Dal in a sense considers itself as a religio-political party and principal representative of Sikhs.”
Arrest and Detention
In September Simranjit Singh Mann, president of the Shiromani Akali Dal (Mann), was released from the Ludhiana central jail after 78 days in prison. He had been arrested for making pro-Khalistan statements in Sangrur, Punjab. Human rights activist and lawyer Ranjan Lakhanpal alleged that Punjab police beat and tortured Mann while in custody.
Police arrested Simranjit Singh Mann again in March 2004 (Rediff.com 24 Mar. 2004), along with other members of the Akali Dal (Mann) party in Punjab state, due to "breach of peace" along Deputy Prime Minister Advani's pilgrimage route (Press Trust of India 25 Mar. 2004; ibid. 24 Mar. 2004; NDTV.com 24 Mar. 2004; IAN 24 Sept. 2004). Another report on the same incident stated that Punjab police "detained" hundreds of Akali Dal (Mann) "workers" in police cells and arrested others prior to Deputy Prime Minister Advani's arrival in Punjab (Times of India 25 Mar. 2004). The general secretary of the Akali Dal (Mann) party reported that police had raided party members' houses and "many" party members had been arrested (ibid.). Arrests connected to this event were made in Khanna, Fatehgarh Sahab, Batala, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, Nawanshahar, Sangrur, Ludhiana, Jagraon, Ropar and Moga districts (ibid.; NDTV.com 24 Mar. 2004).
In June 2005, Punjab police arrested Simranjit Singh Mann in the Sangrur district of Punjab in connection with four different cases of sedition by Punjab police (Rediff.com 14 June 2005; The Press Trust of India 14 June 2005; Hindustan Times 14 June 2005), including allegedly demanding an independent Khalistan (Press Trust of India 14 June 2005; HindustanTimes 14 June 2005), delivering inflammatory speeches on the anniversary of Operation Bluestar (ibid.) and "waging a war against India" (Voices of Freedom Asia 23 Oct. 2005; Rediff.com 14 June 2005). Akali Dal (Mann) executive committee member Bachan Singh Bains and Ropar district youth wing president Amandeep Singh Abiana were also arrested and sent to judicial custody (Hindustan Times 14 June 2005). Additional information on the treatment of members of Akali Dal (Mann) could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
Hindustan Times reported that clashes broke out between SAD (Badal) and Congress Party militants at a polling booth in the Patiala Lok Sobha constituency during the May 2004 elections in India (10 May 2004b). Although this source did not describe the circumstances leading up to the clashes, it did note that at least 10 people were injured as a result (Hindustan Times 10 May 2004b).
A 16 April 2004 article published by the Press Trust of India indicated that a local court issued a summons for May 22 to Amarinder Singh, Chief Minister of Punjab and leader of the Congress Party, for having launched "a slanderous advertisement campaign through the media to defame the Akali leader [Sukbbir Singh Badal, the SAD (Badal)'s General Secretary] and his family." No information on the court's decision in this case could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. The 8 April 2004 edition of the Hindustan Times, however, indicated that both political rivals had launched smear campaigns through the media.
A 2 December 2003 article in the Hindustan Times reported that a Ropar court had ordered that Parkash Singh Badal, President of the SAD (Badal), and his son, Sukhbir, be taken into custody at the central jail in Patiala until December 13 in a disproportionate assets case. An 11 December 2003 article in The Tribune indicated that Parkash Singh Badal had been released, but it did not provide any details.
Sources indicated that the SAD (Badal) President and members of his family had been investigated by the Punjab Vigilance Bureau (VB) on charges of corruption and illicit profit (Hindustan Times 10 May 2004a; ibid. 10 Oct. 2003; Indian Express 9 Oct. 2003; Times of India 2 Nov. 2003). The VB "had filed a chargesheet alleging that Parkash Singh Badal, his wife Surinder Kaur Badal and son Sukhbir Singh Badal had amassed assets vastly disproportionate to their known sources of income when [the SAD (Badal) party] was in power" (Hindustan Times 10 May 2004a). However, the Badal family "dismissed the allegation calling it an absurd political vendetta" by the Chief Minister of Punjab, Amarinder Singh (ibid.).
Siehe weiters auch:
„Im Norden gibt es die Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), die für sich in Anspruch nimmt, die Sikhs zu vertreten. In den 60ger Jahren spielte die Partei eine wichtige Rolle bei der Entstehung des Einzelstaates Punjab, in dem die Mehrheit von Sikhs gebildet wird. Die Partei stand immer in starker Konkurrenz zum Congress, konnte aber Ende der 90ger Jahren mit einer Koalition mit der BJP die Regierung stellen. Bei den Wahlen im Jahr 2002 erhielt sie jedoch noch 41 von 117 Sitzen und die Mehrheit ging an den Congress mit 62 Sitzen.“
Auszug zu Shiroman Akali Dal aus „Political Parties of the World“, John Harper Publishing 2005, S.298:
“Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)
Address. House No. 256, Sector 9-C, Chandigarh
Leadership. Prakash Singh Badal (president)
The SAD is the main political organization of India‘s Sikh community, which is concentrated in Punjab. In support of its demands for Sikh self-determination, the SAD became increasingly militant in the early 1980s and has since been subject to factional rivalry and division. In the general elections of April-May 1996 the party won eight of Punjab‘s 13 Lok Sabha seats. In die 1998 elections, it again won eight seats and supported the ruling coalition led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Perhaps as a result, it suffered severely in the elections of October 1999 and was reduced to two seats. Badal was chief minister in Punjab state 1997-2002, when the SAD was defeated in state assembly elections by die Congress (1) party. In die Rajya Sabha, die party as of May 2004 held two seats. Despite die reverse in die fortunes of die BW in die April-May 2004 general election, die poll saw a resurgence for the SAD, which won eight Lok Sabha seats.”
Chandigarh: All 42 members of the Shiromani Akali Dal and two of the BJP were on Friday suspended from the Punjab Vidhan Sabha for the rest of the session for “unruly behaviour” and “obstructing the proceedings of the Assembly”.
SAD workers from all over the district converged on the Quadian-Gurdaspur road at Sathiali here today in protest against the alleged police atrocities.
Hundreds of workers sat on the road raising slogans against the state government and the police. They blocked traffic from 12 noon to 3 pm.
They said the police had let loose a reign of terror against them. On many occasions, the police picked them up and forced to join the Congress, they alleged.
The latest provocation behind today’s protest was the alleged beating up of block general secretary of the Kanuwan wing of the SAD Sarabjit Singh by the police. The protesters alleged that the SHO kept Sarabjit Singh in illegal custody at the behest of a local minister and even tortured him.
The police, however, maintained that Sarabjit Singh was arrested as he had been booked under Section 326 of the IPC in connection with a case. They said another case had been registered against him for damaging a foundation stone laid by PWD Minister Pratap Singh Bajwa.
Former SAD minister Sewa Singh Sekhwan alleged the party workers had been booked and implicated in false cases. He particularly targeted the Kanuwan SHO and alleged he was working as a political agent rather than a public officer. Former ministers Nirmal Singh Kahlon and Sucha Singh Langah, SAD MLA, and Bikram Majhithia were among the other SAD leaders who addressed the dharna.
Interview mit einem Akali Dal-Politiker zur Beziehung zu Congress aus dem Jahr 2003:
http://www.rediff.com/news/2003/jul/02inter.htm  (Zugriff am 15. November 2006)
Webseite der
Shiromani Akali Dal Amritsar:
http://www.akalidalamritsar.com/ (Zugriff am 15. November 2006)
Shiromani Akali Dal Badal:
http://www.shiromaniakalidalbadal.com/  (Zugriff am 15. November 2006)
Die Wikipedia erwähnt noch eine weitere Splittergruppe der Akali Dal:
Shiromani Akali Dal (Longowal):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiromani_Akali_Dal_(Longowal) (Zugriff am 15. November 2006)
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