Source description last updated: 4 December 2019

In brief: The US Agency for International Development (USAID) is a US federal government agency that administers civilian foreign aid, working to reduce poverty, build communities and advance democracy.

Coverage on ecoi.net:

Fact Sheets, including Complex Emergency Fact Sheets, Crisis Fact Sheets, Regional Crisis Fact Sheets and Regional Crisis Fact Sheets

Covered weekly on ecoi.net, for countries of priorities A, B and C.

Mission/Mandate/Objectives:

USAID is a “[f]ederal agency that receives overall foreign-policy guidance from the Secretary of State. With an official presence in 87 countries and programs in 31 others, the Agency accelerates human progress in developing countries by reducing poverty, advancing democracy, empowering women, building market economies, promoting security, responding to crises, and improving the quality of life through investments in health and education. An Administrator and Deputy Administrator, both appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate, head USAID.” (USAID: Fiscal Year Agency Financial Report, November 2019, p. 3)

“President John. F. Kennedy created the United States Agency for International Development by executive order in 1961 to lead the US government’s international development and humanitarian efforts.” (USAID website: Who We Are, last updated 4 October 2019)

“Our objective is to support partners to become self-reliant and capable of leading their own development journeys. We make progress toward this by reducing the reach of conflict, preventing the spread of pandemic disease, and counteracting the drivers of violence, instability, transnational crime and other security threats.” (USAID website: Mission, Vision and Values, last updated 16 February 2018)

Funding:

USAID “receives most of its funding from general U.S. Government funds administered by Treasury and appropriated by Congress for use by USAID. […]

USAID’s Total Budgetary Resources for FY 2019 was $30.9 billion […].” (USAID: Fiscal Year Agency Financial Report, November 2019, p. 36).

Scope of reporting:

Geographic focus: Afghanistan and Pakistan, Africa, Asia, Europe and Eurasia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East (USAID website: Where We Work, last updated 7 May 2019)

Thematic focus: Agriculture and Food Security; Democracy, Human Rights and Governance; Economic Growth and Trade; Education; Environment and Global Climate Change; Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment; Global Health; Water and Sanitation; Crisis and Conflict (USAID website: What We Do, 22 August 2019)

Methodology:

As far as USAID’s reporting on the situation on the ground is concerned, USAID Factsheets draw on reports from other sources including international media, UN agencies and other relief actors. In most cases, references to sources are generic with no explicit mentioning of the specific report (see, for example, USAID: Syria Complex Emergency - Fact Sheet #9, Fiscal Year (FY) 2019, 30 September 2019, pp. 2-3 and USAID: Afghanistan Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4 - 09-30-2019, 30 September 2019, pp. 2-3).

Language of publication

English

Further reading / links:

Igoe, M.: USAID missions told to comply with Trump's 'foreign assistance realignment', 28. November 2019 (published on Devex)
https://www.devex.com/news/usaid-missions-told-to-comply-with-trump-s-foreign-assistance-realignment-96120

 

All links accessed 4 December 2019.