UNO Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO, formerly: MONUC)
Source description last updated: 20 January 2015
In brief: The UNO Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) is tasked with protection of civilians and humanitarian personnel, supporting the government of the DRC, combatting HIV/AIDS and maintaining the security situation.
Coverage on
Human Rights Reports, Monthly Human Rights Assessments, Communications.
Covered monthly on, for the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
“MONUSCO took over from an earlier UN peacekeeping operation – the United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) – on 1 July 2010. The original mandate of the mission was established by Security Council resolution 1925 of 28 May to reflect the new phase reached in the country. It was authorized to use all necessary means to carry out its mandate relating, among other things, to the protection of civilians, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders under imminent threat of physical violence and to support the Government of the DRC in its stabilization and peace consolidation efforts. (MONUSCO: Mandate, undated)
The MONUSCO Human Rights Division (HRD) and its successor, the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO), are mandated “to assist in the promotion and protection of human rights, with particular attention to women, children and vulnerable persons, investigate human rights violations with a view to putting an end to impunity, assist in the development and implementation of a transitional justice strategy, and cooperate in national and international efforts to bring to justice perpetrators of grave violations of human rights and international humanitarian law” (MONUSCO: Human Rights, undated)
With an annual budget exceeding one billion dollars, MONUSCO is the largest and most expensive peacekeeping operation of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) (UN: Peacekeeping Fact Sheet, 31 July 2014)
MONUSCO is solely funded by the international community, primarily donor countries.
Scope of reporting:
Geographic focus: Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Thematic focus: Security situation, child protection, gender issues, human rights, HIV/AIDS, elections.
The UNJHRO aims to lay the groundwork for MONUSCO’s work “by encouraging Congolese citizens to complain to authorities about human rights violations, and by enhancing the Government’s capacity to respond to citizens’ complaints. It will achieve this by: increasing citizens awareness of their rights, expanding the political and democratic space for citizen complaints, empowering civil society to advocate for human rights, increasing the awareness of Government institutions of their human rights obligations, increasing the capacity and will of Government actors to effectively respond to violations, and by pushing for a human rights perspective among international actors working in the DRC.” (MONUSCO: Human Rights, undated)
Language(s) of publications:
English and French.
Further reading / links:
United Nations: United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
All documents available on from this source:
All links accessed 29 December 2014. summary:
All documents available on from this source