UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict
https://childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/
 
Source description last updated: 20 October 2015
 
In brief: The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) is appointed by the UN Secretary-General and is the United Nation’s advocate for children’s rights in armed conflict.
 
Coverage on ecoi.net:
Country visit reports and press releases.
Covered quarterly on ecoi.net, for countries of priorities A-C.
 
Mission/Mandate/Objectives:

“The role of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict is to strengthen the protection of children affected by armed conflict, raise awareness, promote the collection of information about the plight of children affected by war and foster international cooperation to improve their protection. She reports yearly to the General Assembly and the Human Rights Council and raises challenges faced by children in war to political bodies, such as the UN Security Council, as well as relevant Governments to maintain a sense of urgency amongst key decision makers as well as to secure political and diplomatic engagement.” (SRSG-CAAC website: Mandate, undated)
 
“The General Assembly […] recommends that the Special Representative:
(a) Assess progress achieved, steps taken and difficulties encountered in strengthening the protection of children in situations of armed conflict;
(b) Raise awareness and promote the collection of information about the plight of children affected by armed conflict and encourage the development of networking;
(c) Work closely with the Committee on the Rights of the Child, relevant United Nations bodies, the specialized agencies and other competent bodies, as well as non-governmental organizations;
(d) Foster international cooperation to ensure respect for children's rights in these situations and contribute to the coordination of efforts by Governments, relevant United Nations bodies, notably the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights/Centre for Human Rights, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Children's Fund, the specialized agencies and the Committee on the Rights of the Child, relevant special rapporteurs and working groups, as well as United Nations field operations, regional and subregional organizations, other competent bodies and non-governmental organizations […]” (UN-General Assembly: Resolution adopted by the General Assembly [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/615)] [A/RES/51/77], 20 February 1997, p. 7)
 
“Persistent violators of the rights of children in armed conflict are parties to conflict who have been named and listed by the Secretary-General for five years or more in his annual report on children and armed conflict. […]
The Special Representative advocates for the adoption of sanctions by the Security Council on military and political leaders of these groups in order to end impunity and to prevent the commission of these violations. As of today, two persons in Côte d’Ivoire and 14 individuals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have been sanctioned for grave violations committed against children.” (OSRSG-CAAC website: Persistent Violations, undated)
 
Funding:
UN funds.
 
Scope of reporting:

Geographic focus: Countries where children are affected by armed conflict.
Thematic focus:Killing or maiming of children, recruitment or use of children by armed forces and groups, sexual violence against children, attacks against schools or hospitals, abduction of children and denial of humanitarian access for children.
 
Methodology:

“In 2005, the Security Council established an unprecedented monitoring and reporting mechanism (MRM) on grave violations against children in armed conflict under its resolution 1612. The purpose of the MRM is to provide for the systematic gathering of accurate, timely and objective information on grave violations committed against children in armed conflict. Such information is used to foster accountability and compliance of parties to conflict with international child protection standards.
The United Nations reports on six grave violations against children in armed conflict including:
    Killing or maiming of children;
    Recruitment or use of children by armed forces and groups;
    Sexual violence against children;
    Attacks against schools or hospitals;
    Abduction of children;
    Denial of humanitarian access for children.
The information is included in the annual report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict and country-specific reports. These reports trigger action by the Security Council and other actors.
The MRM is established in country-situations where parties to conflict have been listed in the annexes of the annual report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict.
In the past, only parties that recruit and use children were included in the annexes of the annual report. In 2009 and 2011, the Security Council decided to also list armed forces and groups who kill and maim children, commit sexual violence against children, and attack schools and hospitals.
The MRM stops when all parties in a country situation have been de-listed and all violations against children have stopped.” (OSRSG-CAAC website: Monitoring and Reporting, undated)
 
“The SRSG-CAAC serves on behalf of the Secretary-General as the UN system focal point for the Security Council-related CAAC agenda and implementation of the MRM. The SRSG-CAAC chairs the UN Task Force on CAAC [...]. The Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (OSRSG) co-chairs with UNICEF the MRM Technical Reference Group [...].
The SRSG-CAAC serves as the primary interface with the Security Council and provides substantive support to the SCWG-CAAC [Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict]. The OSRSG-CAAC is the UN Headquarters-level focal point for the preparation of the Report of the Secretary-General on CAAC; it receives, reviews and compiles information and provides quality control for the country reports of the Secretary-General under Security Council Resolutions 1612, 1882, 1998, 2068 and 2143, as well as the Global Horizontal Note (GHN) to the SCWG-CAAC. [...] The OSRSG-CAAC also plays an important role in supporting the CTFMRs [Country Task Forces on Monitoring and Reporting] in their activities, in collaboration with UNICEF headquarters, the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) / United Nations Department of Political Affairs (DPA) and others.” (OSRSG-CAAC, UNICEF: Guidelines - Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Grave Violations against Children in Situations of Armed Conflict, June 2014, ch. D.2.2)
 
“Parties to conflict listed in the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict are requested by the Security Council to develop action plans to address grave violations against children.” (OSRSG-CAAC website: Action Plans with Armed Forces and Armed Groups, undated)
 
Language(s) of publications:
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish
 
Further reading / links:
UN General Assembly: Resolution adopted by the General Assembly (on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/615)) 51/77. The rights of the child, 20 February 1997
http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/51/77
UN Security Council: Resolution 1612 (2005) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5235th meeting, on 26 July 2005, 26 July 2005
http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/1612%282005%29
UN Security Council: Resolution 1882 (2009) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6176th meeting, on 4 August 2009 [S/RES/1882 (2009)], 4 August 2009
http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/1882%282009%29
UN Security Council: Resolution 1998 (2011) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6581st meeting, on  12 July 2011 [S/RES/1998 (2011)], 12 July 2011
http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/1998%282011%29
UN Security Council: Resolution 2068 (2012) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6838th meeting, on 19 September 2012 [S/RES/2068 (2012)], 19 September 2012
http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/2068%282012%29
UN Security Council: Resolution 2143 (2014) Adopted by the Security Council at its 7129th meeting, on 7 March 2014 [S/RES/2143 (2014)], 7 March 2014
http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/2143%282014%29
 
 
All documents available on ecoi.net from this source: http://www.ecoi.net/en/source/4564
All links accessed 19 October 2015.
Homepage:
http://www.un.org/children/conflict/english/index.html
Search:
All documents available on ecoi.net from this source