Source description last updated: 6 December 2023

In brief: The Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED) is a United Nations body of independent experts that considers reports submitted by UN member states on their compliance with the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.

Coverage on
State reports, concluding observations as well as NGO reports and reports of national human rights institutions (for countries of priorities A-C).
Covered monthly on

“The Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED) is the body of independent experts which monitors the implementation of the Convention by the States Parties. [...]

The International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance is designed to protect all persons from enforced disappearances, to prevent their occurrence, to provide support to victims and guide States as to the measures to take to promote the rights of the Convention, and enhance cooperation and assistance between States. It stipulates the creation of a Committee on Enforced Disappearances charged with the following tasks:

  • To examine reports submitted by States parties on the measures taken to give effect to their obligations under the Convention;
  • To send urgent actions to States, requesting that they take all the necessary measures, including interim measures, to locate and protect a disappeared person. [...];
  • To receive and consider communications from individuals claiming to be victims of a violation by a State party of provisions of the Convention;
  • To receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that another State party is not fulfilling its obligations under the Convention;
  • To undertake visits to any State party, after consultation with the State concerned, if it receives information indicating that this State is seriously violating the provisions of the Convention.
  • If the Committee receives well-founded information that enforced disappearance is being practised on a widespread or systematic basis in a State party, it may also bring the matter to the attention of the General Assembly, through the Secretary-General, after seeking information from the State concerned. [...]

The Committee on Enforced Disappearances and the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) coexist and cooperate to assist States in their fight against enforced disappearances. [...]” (CED Website, Introduction, undated)


UN budget.

Scope of reporting:

Geographic focus: State parties to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
Thematic focus: Enforced disappearances.


“The Committee on Enforced Disappearances has developed treaty-specific reporting guidelines to advise States Parties on the form and content of the reports which shall be submitted to the Committee under article 29 of the Convention [...] The Committee attaches great importance to the inclusion in the State Parties reports of information related to the actual implementation of the Convention as well as progress achieved and obstacles encountered. The Committee encourages the involvement of families of victims’ organizations, human rights defenders working on the issue of enforced disappearance, non-governmental organizations and National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in the process of consultations leading to the preparation of reports.” (CED Website, Working methods, undated)

The reports are examined by the Committee. “The examination of a report takes the form of a dialogue between the delegation from the reporting State and the Committee members held in public meetings. The aim of the dialogue is to enhance the Committee’s understanding of the situation in the State party as it pertains to the Convention and to provide advice on how to improve the implementation of the Convention provisions in the State party.  [...] Concluding Observations are discussed and adopted in a closed plenary meeting by the Committee following the examination of the State party’s report. The Concluding Observations follow a standard format which consists of a brief introduction, followed by a section noting positive aspects, another with the subjects of concern and related recommendations, and a last one on follow-up and dissemination.” (CED Website, Working methods, undated)

“Once adopted, the Concluding Observations are transmitted to the State party concerned and, after the conclusion of the session, posted on the Committee’s webpage, under the respective session. [...] the Committee may identify some of its recommendations that are particularly serious, urgent, protective, and/or can be achieved within short periods of time, about which it would like to receive information from the State party on measures taken towards their implementation.” (CED Website, Working methods, undated)

Languages of publications:

English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese

Further reading / links:

CED Website, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, undated

Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, Fact Sheet No. 6/Rev.3, undated

10th Anniversary of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, undated

All links accessed 6 December 2023.

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