Source description last updated: 2 October 2019

 

In brief: The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General Assembly after World War II as the “United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund”, with the aim of providing aid to children.

Coverage on ecoi.net:

UNICEF Child Notices from UNICEF Netherlands are covered quarterly.

Other documents from UNICEF are not covered regularly, but uploaded to ecoi.net on a case by case basis.

Mission/Mandate/Objectives:

“UNICEF was created with a distinct purpose in mind: to work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child’s path.” (UNICEF Website, About UNICEF, undated)

“We promote girls’ education - ensuring that they complete primary education as a minimum [...]. We act so that all children are immunized against common childhood diseases, and are well nourished [...]. We work to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people [...]. We help children and families affected by HIV/AIDS to live their lives with dignity. [...] We involve everyone in creating protective environments for children. [...] We work to assure equality for those who are discriminated against, girls and women in particular. [...] We strive for peace and security. We work to hold everyone accountable to the promises made for children.” (UNICEF Website, About UNICEF, undated)

“UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories to save children’s lives, to defend their rights, and to help them fulfil their potential [...] UNICEF has helped reduce child mortality all over the world by working to reach the most vulnerable children, everywhere. [...] UNICEF works around the world to support quality learning for every girl and boy, especially those in greatest danger of being left behind. [...] UNICEF is on the ground before, during, and after emergencies, working to reach children and families with lifesaving aid and long-term assistance. [...] UNICEF works all over the world to empower girls and women, and to ensure their full participation in political, social and economic systems. [...]  UNICEF delivers sustainable access to lifesaving supplies where they are most needed [...]” (UNICEF Website, What we do, undated)

Funding:

“UNICEF is supported entirely by voluntary funds. Governments contribute two thirds of our resources; private groups and some 6 million individual donors contribute the rest through our National Committees.” (UNICEF Website, How UNICEF Works, undated)

“In 2017, UNICEF benefited from a 27 per cent increase in revenue over 2016, for a total of US$6.6 billion. Of that amount, US$4.7 billion represented contributions from intergovernmental organizations, inter-organizational arrangements and a total of 142 governments, setting a new record for public-sector revenue for the organization. The three largest public-sector contributors to UNICEF were the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Commission. UNICEF’s revenue from all sources is divided into regular resources, which are unrestricted, and other resources, which are limited to specific programmes and themes. Because they are not earmarked, regular resources allow UNICEF to respond quickly to emerging challenges and invest in innovative solutions. [...] Global thematic funds allow for long-term planning, sustainability and savings in transaction costs for both UNICEF and its resource partners.” (UNICEF: Annual Report 2017, 2018, p.75)

“Total UNICEF revenue by source and funding type, 2017 (in millions of US dollars)

  • Governments and intergovernmental agencies: Regular resources $580 = 9%; Other resources $3,290 = 50%
  • Private sector and non-governmental organizations: Regular resources $706 = 11%; Other resources $1,004 = 15%
  • Inter-organizational arrangements: Other resources $859 = 13%; Other revenue $138 = 2%”

(UNICEF: Annual Report 2017, 2018, p.76)

 

Scope of reporting:

Geographic focus: All countries.

Thematic focus: Well-being of children.

 

Methodology:

“Each country office carries out UNICEF’s mission through a unique programme of cooperation developed with the host government. This five-year programme focuses on practical ways to realize the rights of children and women. Their needs are analyzed in a situation report produced at the beginning of the programme cycle. Regional offices guide this work and provide technical assistance to country offices as needed. [...] Overall management and administration of the organization takes place at headquarters, where global policy on children is shaped. Specialized offices include the Supply Division, which provides such essential items as the majority of life-saving vaccine doses for children in developing countries. The UNICEF Global Shared Services Centre in Budapest provides HR administration, payroll, invoicing, payments, master data and global help desk services to UNICEF staff and offices worldwide. UNICEF also operates the Innocenti Research Centre in Florence and Offices for Japan and Brussels, which assist with fund-raising and liaison with policy makers. Many people in industrialized countries first hear about UNICEF’s work through the activities of 34 National Committees for UNICEF. These non-governmental organizations promote children’s rights, raise funds, sell UNICEF greeting cards and products, create key corporate and civil society partnerships, and provide other invaluable support. [...] Guiding and monitoring all of UNICEF’s work is a 36-member Executive Board made up of government representatives. They establish policies, approve programmes and decide on administrative and financial plans and budgets. Members are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, usually for three-year terms.” (UNICEF Website, How UNICEF Works, undated)

“UNICEF National Committees in the Netherlands, Belgium and Sweden, worked on the development of child-specific country of origin reports (COI). These country reports (Child notices) describe the situation of children in countries of origin of migrant children.” (UNICEF Netherlands Website, Child Notices, undated)


“UNICEF is active in 190 countries and territories. Our vast network means we can take successful approaches from one place in the world and adapt them to meet challenges elsewhere, helping drive results for children and young people at a global scale. [...] Strong partnerships with governments, NGOs, civil society and the private sector make UNICEF’s work for children possible.” (UNICEF Website, For every child, results, undated)

 

Languages of publications:
Many languages.

Further reading / links:

UNICEF: Annual Report 2017, 2018
https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_Annual_Report_2017.pdf

Wikipedia, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_Indicator_Cluster_Surveys

UNICEF, Fifty years for children
https://www.unicef.org/sowc96/50years.htm

INSEAD Knowledge, Agility Under Pressure, 27 April, 2017
https://knowledge.insead.edu/operations/agility-under-pressure-5966

UNICEF: UNICEF’s Resource Development Architecture; Key Trends and Challenges, 10 October 2013
https://www.unicef.org/publicpartnerships/files/UNICEF_Transparency_and_Accountability_-_Resource_Development_and_Mobilization.pdf

UNICEF: Office of Research-Innocenti
https://www.unicef-irc.org/


All links accessed 2 October 2019.