UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
Source description last updated: 5 November 2014
In brief:
The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) is a political mission of the UN Security Council with the objective to foster peace and development by supporting the Afghan government in efforts of humanitarian assistance, governance, security, human rights and counter-narcotics.
Coverage on ecoi.net:
Covered monthly on ecoi.net for Afghanistan.
“The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) is a political mission established by the Security Council in 2002 at the request of the [Afghan] Government […]”(UNAMA website: Mandate, undated, http://unama.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=12255&language=en-US )
Particular focus of the Mission lies on supporting Afghan authorities with the organisation and conduct of elections by capacity building and technical assistance.
“UNAMA is also charged with [supporting] the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned process of peace and reconciliation. This includes through the implementation of the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme, and proposing and supporting confidence-building measures within the framework of the Afghan constitution and in line with procedures introduced by previous Council resolutions. […]
One of [the] priority areas is the coordination and facilitation of the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Another is that of human rights. In the latter, the Mission is to continue, with the support of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), to work with and build the capacity of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), as well as cooperate with the Afghan Government and relevant international and local non-governmental organizations.” (UNAMA website: Mandate, undated, http://unama.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=12255&language=en-US)
UN funds.
"On 28 October [2013], the proposed budget of UNAMA (A/68/327/Add.4) for 2014 was presented to the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions. The $191 million proposed budget represents a reduction of 2.5 per cent, or $5 million, compared with the 2013 budget. The savings would be achieved through the further downsizing of offices, staff and air assets." (UN General Assembly/Security Council: The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security [A/68/645–S/2013/721], 6 December 2013, p. 13, http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1226_1387370381_n1358739afg.pdf)
Scope of reporting:

Geographic focus: Afghanistan.
Thematic focus: Governance and security-related developments, protection of civilians and human rights, humanitarian assistance and counter-narcotics.
“UNAMA is working to orient field offices in support of the ’three plus one priorities’ and, in particular, to promote and facilitate aid coherence at the provincial level through support to local authorities on governance and development activities, including capacity-building; enhanced delivery, where conditions permit, of a ’one UN’ approach; and facilitation of donor coherence with Government priorities in the field.” (UN Security Council: Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 40 of resolution 1917 (2010) [S/2010/318], 16 June 2010, p. 14)
Reports on governance and human rights (e.g. on the implementation of women’s rights) are compiled under cooperation with government, judicial and law enforcement authorities.
"UNAMA investigates reports of civilian casualties by conducting on-site investigations, wherever possible, and consulting a broad range of sources and types of information that are evaluated for their credibility and reliability. [...]
Wherever possible, investigations are based on the primary accounts of victims and/or witnesses of the incident and on-site investigations. On some occasions, primarily due to security-related constraints affecting access, this form of investigation is not possible. In such instances, UNAMA relies on a range of techniques to gain information through reliable networks, again through as wide a range of sources as possible that are evaluated for credibility and reliability. [...]
Where UNAMA is not satisfied with information concerning an incident, it will not be reported. [...]
If the status of one or more victim(s) remains uncertain, their death or injury is not included in the overall number of civilian casualties. [...]
UNAMA makes every effort to identify as precisely as possible the party responsible for a particular civilian casualty. Due to limitations associated with the operating environment, [...] UNAMA attributes responsibility for a particular incident to either Pro-Government Forces or Anti-Government Elements. UNAMA does not claim that statistics presented [...] are complete and may be under-reporting civilian casualties given limitations inherent in the operating environment." (UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan: Afghanistan; Mid-Year Report 2014; Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict,  July 2014, p. i)
Languages of publication:

Reports are available in English, Dari and Pashto.
Further reading:
UN Security Council: Resolution 2145 (2014), Adopted by the Security Council at its 7139th meeting, on 17 March 2014 [S/RES/2145 (2014)], 17 March 2014
All documents available on ecoi.net from this source: http://www.ecoi.net/en/source/160
All links accessed 5 November 2014.
ecoi.net summary:
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