Memorial
http://www.memo.ru
 
Source description last updated: 1 December 2014
 
In brief:
Memorial is an independent non-governmental group encompassing more than 80 national and regional organisations in 7 countries and, since its formation in 1988, has the objective of accounting for political prisoners and victims of the Stalin era. Over recent years Memorial has developed a network for reporting ongoing human rights violations in the Russian Federation and other countries of the former Soviet Union.
 
Coverage on ecoi.net:
Covered quarterly on ecoi.net for countries of priorities A-C.
 
Mission/Mandate/Objectives:
The following information focuses on those of Memorial’s activities that are most relevant for COI research.
 

Memorial’s mission is outlined in its charter as, i.a.:
“to promote mature civil society and democracy based on the rule of law and thus to prevent a return to totalitarianism;
to assist formation of public consciousness based on the values of democracy and law, to get rid of totalitarian patterns, and to establish firmly human rights in practical politics and in public life;
to promote the reveal of the truth about the historical past and perpetuate the memory of the victims of political repression exercised by totalitarian regimes.” (Memorial: The Charter of the International Volunteer Public Organization“‘Memorial’ Historical, Educational, Human Rights and Charitable Society”, undated)
 
Further on, Memorial “sets itself the following aims and tasks: observing the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms; publicizing and providing reliable information about violation of these human rights and fundamental freedoms; attracting the attention of public governmental and international institutions to these kind of violations; conducting and supporting research aimed at the study of serious human rights violations; assisting with observance of humanitarian law and the peaceful resolution of conflicts in the case of military conflicts; assisting the authorities with the adoption of legal acts corresponding to international standards in the field of human rights observance; theoretical and practical enlightenment of human rights and humanitarian law.” (Memorial: Annual Report 2011, 20 April 2012, p. 6)
 
Funding:
Memorial is funded by
“charitable donations […]; legacies; income from the securities; income from fund raising activities […], sale of assets and charitable donations in accordance with donators’ wishes; income from INTERNATIONAL MEMORIAL Society publishing and lecturing activities […]; incomes from the INTERNATIONAL MEMORIAL Society business activities; receipts from the Federal budget, budgets of the regions and countries where INTERNATIONAL MEMORIAL Society branches operate, from local budgets and non-budgetary funds; volunteer labor [and] other incomes that are not in contradiction with the law.” (Memorial: The Charter of the International Volunteer Public Organization“‘Memorial’ Historical, Educational, Human Rights and Charitable Society”, undated)
 
Scope of reporting:
Geographic focus: The Russian Federation, other countries of the former Soviet Union.
Thematic focus: Human rights and fundamental freedoms.
 
Methodology:
Reports on human rights are comprised from data, e.g. interviews, collected during visits and from analysis of relevant analogue and digital documents, including media reports, other publications and individual online content. Witnesses, victims, local organisations and officials are contacted. (Memorial: A Chronicle of Violence: The events in the south of Kyrgyzstan in June 2010 (Osh Region), 31 March 2012, p. 4)
 
Languages of publication:
Most reports are published in Russian, few documents are also available in English. On ecoi.net, English language documents and only selected Russian language documents are covered.
 
Further reading:
Memorial: The Charter of the International Volunteer Public Organization“‘Memorial’ Historical, Educational, Human Rights and Charitable Society”, undated
http://www.memo.ru/eng/about/charter.htm
 
All documents available on ecoi.net from this source: http://www.ecoi.net/en/source/144
All links accessed 1 December 2014.
 
Homepage:
http://www.memo.ru
Search:
All documents available on ecoi.net from this source