INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT MONITORING CENTRE (IDMC)
http://www.internal-displacement.org/
Source description last updated: 7 November 2016
 
In brief: The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), part of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), is an independent humanitarian NGO, providing information, analysis and reports on internal displacement worldwide.
 
Coverage on ecoi.net:
Country Profiles (PR), Special Country Reports (SR), Maps (Map)
Covered weekly on ecoi.net, for countries of priorities A-C.
 
Mission/Mandate/Objectives:
“IDMC was created in order to fill a knowledge gap on internal displacement and it has achieved this over the years by providing comprehensive global data and analysis in order to better inform decisions that concern internally displaced people (IDPs).” (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: Annual Report 2015, 2015)
 
The IDMC’s “mission is to lead on the provision of information and analysis on internal displacement to inform policy and operational decisions that improve the lives of IDPs. We continue to do this by monitoring all situations of internal displacement, providing quantitative estimates of the numbers of IDPs worldwide, and disseminating policy-relevant information and analysis.” (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: Annual Report 2015, 2015)
 
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre states to provide “timely, accurate, accessible information on internal displacement worldwide; provides impartial analysis on internal displacement situations as they unfold; develops research and analysis to help shape policies and practices that have positive outcomes for IDPs; provides expertise to policy makers and practitioners linked to legal frameworks and the protection of IDPs.” (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: About us, undated)
 
IDMC’s “Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID) 2016” about the previous year “aims to provide a more holistic picture of the phenomenon, regardless of cause. In time for the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, it also aims to highlight displacement as a multidimensional challenge that must involve humanitarian, sustainable development, peace-building, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation work. It also discusses types of displacement that receive too little attention, such as that associated with generalised criminal violence, gradually-evolving crises such as drought, and development projects.” (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: Global Report On Internal Displacement: Foreword, 2016)
 
Funding:
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre’s total budget from 2015 added up to 4,639,960.00 USD and was contributed by its funding partners: “The US Agency for International Development (USAID), Norway’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA), Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs (DFAT), EuropeAid, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), Sweden’s International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), Switzerland’s Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, the UN Agency for Refugees (UNHCR), and Liechtenstein’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs” and other donors (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: Annual Report 2015, September 2015). IDMC’s budget appeal for 2016 amounted to 4,960,998.62 USD. (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: Appeal 2016, March 2016)
 
Scope of reporting:
Geographic focus:
IDMC's Global Internal Displacement Database “aims to provide comprehensive information on internal displacement worldwide.” (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: IDMC's Global Internal Displacement Database, undated)
 
Thematic Focus: Conflict-induced internal displacement, special focus on: Guiding principles on internal displacement, women and children, land, housing and property issues, nutrition and health.
 
Methodology:
“We use two similar but distinct methodologies to produce displacement estimates related to conflict and violence, and disasters. In the case of conflict- and violence-induced displacement, we conduct situational monitoring in certain countries after we learn of the occurrence of displacement, and report the country-wide estimates of new displacement during the year and the total number of people displaced at year’s end. In contrast, we monitor and report cases of disaster-induced displacement on an event-by-event basis. For each of these events, we collect information from different sources and generate the most comprehensive and reliable displacement estimate for that disaster.
We rely on an extensive range of data sources including: national and subnational government authorities, UN agencies and other international organizations, related global databases, civil society organizations, news media outlets, and other entities.” (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website: IDP Database, undated)
 
“We use an event-based methodology to estimate the number of people displaced by disasters during the course of the year, and derive aggregated figures for new displacement for each of the countries affected. […]
We produce our figures for displacement associated with conflict and violence via country-level, or situational monitoring. That is, we learn of a displacement situation and begin collecting data on it over time. We have historically published three main figures – the total number of people displaced as of the end of the year, the number of people newly displaced during the year and the number of people who returned during the year. Where possible, we have also reported on the number of IDPs who have settled elsewhere or integrated locally, those who have sought safety by continuing their flight across an international border and the number of births and deaths in displacement. […]
Where possible, we have also reported on the number of IDPs who have settled elsewhere or integrated locally, those who have sought safety by continuing their flight across an international border and the number of births and deaths in displacement. […] 
In order to generate our estimates, we collect data from a number of reports on the same disaster, each specifying whether its figures refer to individuals or households, the reporting terms and sources used, the publisher, the title of the source document and the date of publication.” (International Displacement Monitoring Center website: Global Report On Internal Displacement 2016, 2016)
 
Language(s) of publications:

English

Further reading / links:
ACCORD: ecoi.net Source Description: Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), 23 September 2013
https://www.ecoi.net/en/source/11375.html
 
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre website provides a list of sources and useful links. https://del.icio.us/idmc
 
All links accessed 11 October 2016.
 
Homepage:
http://www.internal-displacement.org/
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