Source description last updated: 20 February 2020

In brief: The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, BAMF) is the German authority responsible for conducting asylum procedures and protecting refugees. Furthermore, BAMF coordinates the promotion of integration and carries out research in the area of migration.

Coverage on ecoi.net:

Asylum decisions, reports, briefing notes and “Erkenntnisse des Bundesamtes” (Findings of the Federal Office) for countries of priorities A-E.

Monthly coverage on ecoi.net.

Mission/Mandate/Objectives:

“The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, BAMF) is the Centre of Excellence for Asylum, Migration and Integration in Germany. It has a diverse spectrum of tasks today: The Federal Office is responsible for implementing asylum proceedings and for granting refugee protection in Germany. At the same time, it coordinates the promotion of integration at national level. Furthermore, the range of tasks also includes migration research, this constituting a research mandate which is entrenched in law in order to obtain analytical information on managing migration. The data and information which are obtained here make it possible to competently advise policy-makers and other stakeholders within society.” (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, The Federal Office and its Tasks - Centre of Excellence for Asylum, Migration and Integration, August 2016, p. 2)

“The Information Centre for Asylum and Migration (ICAM) is the specialized information unit of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. [...] The ICAM provides reliable, comprehensive and up-to-date information on migrants’ countries of origin and transit, as well as on the world refugee and migration movements and their causes.” (Information Centre for Asylum and Migration, August 2019, p. 2)

“The main tasks of IZAM are to research, process and document information (with references); to analyse and provide the information for internal and external users; to cooperate with other asylum agencies and networks (e.g. European Migration Network - EMN) on a European and international level in order to share information and to create synergies.” (BAMF Website, Informationszentrum Asyl und Migration, undated, working translation ACCORD)

Funding:

State funding (Federal Republic of Germany)

Scope of reporting:

Geographic focus: All countries.

Thematic focus: All topics relevant for integration, migration, asylum and flight


Methodology:

“The Federal Office is a federal authority within the portfolio of the Federal Ministry of the Interior. With its decentralised locations, including branch offices, arrival centres and decision-making centres, it is in direct contact with all actors in refugee protection and integration work. [...] It is in the arrival centres that all the steps are carried out under one roof which are necessary for the asylum procedure. This includes the medical examination by the Länder, the recording of the personal data and the identity check, the application, the interview and the Federal Office’s decision on the asylum application, as well as the initial advice on access to the labour market by the local Employment Agency. [...] It is in the branch offices that the Federal Office carries out the asylum procedure, with the filing of the application, the interview and the decision on more complex cases. Some branch offices, known as “regional offices”, offer a point of contact for the organisations operating integration activities, and are responsible for the integration work on the ground. [...] It is in the decision-making centres that the decision is taken on the asylum applications which are ready to be decided on of [sic!] those applicants who have already been interviewed.” (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, The Federal Office and its Tasks - Centre of Excellence for Asylum, Migration and Integration, August 2016, p. 3)

“The IZAM [Information Centre for Asylum and Migration] is divided into the library, documentation areas and country analysis units, in which lawyers, librarians, documentalists, political scientists and other scientific personnel is collecting and processing the information.” (BAMF Website, Informationszentrum Asyl und Migration, undated, working translation ACCORD)

“MILo (Migrations-InfoLogistik) is the country-specific information system of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. This is where you will find specific information describing the situation in migrants' countries of origin, as well as in other host states and destination states, along with general information on the individual nations.” (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees Website, The MILo database, undated)

Country reports are “drafted according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (2012), the Common EU Guidelines for processing Country of Origin Information (2008) as well as the quality standards of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (2013) and on the basis of carefully selected and reliable information.” In case, “information is obtained within the context of so-called fact-finding missions in the countries of origin” this is done “considering the common EU guidelines for (common) fact-finding missions (2010).” Information that is provided is “researched, assessed and edited with great care. All sources are named and quoted following scientific standards.” The report “does not claim to be complete. In case a particular event, a particular person or organisation is not named, it cannot be taken to mean that such an event did not take place or the person or organisation in question does not exist. The report/the information does not allow for any final conclusion on whether an individual application for asylum, refugee protection or subsidiary protection is justified.” The terminology used should “not be taken to suggest a particular legal opinion. The assessment of the application to grant protection has to be conducted by the staff member assigned to the case. The publication does not represent a political statement of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.” (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, Länderreport 21; Russische Föderation; LGBTI in Tschetschenien, November 2019, Disclaimer, working translation ACCORD)

Languages of publications:

German. Some publications also in English.

Further reading / links:

Website of IZAM, undated
https://www.bamf.de/EN/Behoerde/Informationszentrum/informationszentrum-node.html

BAMF: Information Centre for Asylum and Migration, August 2019
https://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/Anlagen/EN/Behoerde/Informationszentrum/flyer-informationszentrum-asyl-und-migration.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=4

MILo, undated
https://milo.bamf.de/milop/cs.exe?func=llworkspace

BAMF: Das deutsche Asylverfahren - ausführlich erklärt, November 2014
https://www.sachsen.de/assets/Das_deutsche_Asylverfahren_ausfuehrlich_erklaert_Broschuere_BAMF(1).pdf

BAMF, Den Menschen im Blick - Sicherheit geben. Chancen ermöglichen. Wandel leben, January 2019
https://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/Anlagen/DE/Behoerde/broschuere-leitbild.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8

BAMF: Overview of the stages of the asylum procedure, undated
https://www.bamf.de/EN/Themen/AsylFluechtlingsschutz/AblaufAsylverfahrens/ablaufasylverfahrens-node.html


All links accessed 20 February 2020.