Afghanistan independent human rights commission (AIHRC)
Source description last updated: 13 September 2017
In brief: The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) is a national human rights organisation in Afghanistan, dedicated to promoting, protecting and monitoring human rights and the investigation of human rights abuses.
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“The AIHRC is a national human rights institution working in the area of protection and promotion of human rights. […] it found a legal base to monitor the observance of human rights as well as to protect and promote human rights in the country, […] Every individual shall complain to this Commission about the violation of personal human rights. The Commission shall refer human rights violations of individuals to legal authorities and assist them in defense of their rights. […] All the administrative and executive activities of the Commission are regulated by the Executive Director. There are several program units in the structure of the AIHRC to carry out the activities of the Commission.
These Units are as follows: Human Rights Education; Monitoring and Investigation of Human Rights Violations; Police Ombudsmen; Women’s Rights Unit; Children’s Rights Unit; Persons with Disability Rights Unit; Transitional justice Unit; Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting Unit; Research and Investigation Unit; Special Monitoring Unit (monitoring the observance of international humanitarian law during armed conflicts); Publications Unit. […]
The AIHRC’s activities and programs focus on four strategic objectives: Leadership, Promotion of human rights, Empowerment, Protection and monitoring of human rights.” (AIHRC website: A brief introduction of AIHRC and its programs and activities, undated)
“The total Core Budget for the implementation of its Action Plan in the said year was determined and approved as USD 11,470,418. Out of the total budget approved for 1394, the AIHRC received an amount USD 8,796,806. Of which an amount of USD 1,047,697 was adjusted against the two months staff salary, which was booked as payable in the year 1393 due to lack of fund. And the remaining amount of USD 7,749,109 that was allocated for the administrative costs and for the implementation of the Action Plan for 1394 have been utilized by the AIHRC.” (AIHRC: Annual Report 1394, p. 75, July 2015)
The AIHRC received financial contributions from the governments of Canada, Finland, Denmark, Norway, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Netherlands, Australia. Other donors were SCS-N, Open Society and UNICEF. (AIHRC: Annual Report 1394, p. 78ff, July 2015)
Scope of reporting:
Geographic focus: Afghanistan
Thematic focus: Human rights and access to fundamental freedoms.
“The programs and activities of the AIHRC are carried out by a Central Office in Kabul, eight regional offices and six provincial offices across the country. Each of the Regional Office covers several provinces and provincial offices also work in the same province.
The AIHRC has cooperation and good relations with civil society institutions, religious scholars, media, and international institutions to carry out its duties and mandates properly. Functioning and performances of the AIHRC depend on the enhancement of cooperation by the state organs, including police, attorney, courts, National Security Department, Parliament and other state institutions and always demands for expansion of relations with them. The AIHRC has close working relations with civil society institutions and makes efforts to build up their capacity and also conducts some joint activities with them.” (AIHRC website: A brief introduction of AIHRC and its programs and activities, undated)
“The AIHRC‟s Research and Policy Unit has the duty to conduct research on the situation of human rights in Afghanistan. The Unit has published numerous research reports on a wide range of human rights-related subjects.” (AIHRC website: Fair Access of Children to Education in Afghanistan, p. 6, March/April 2009)
“AIHRC prepare and publish a documented, […] result-based report every year on the general human rights situation in the country as well as on the functions, achievements and challenges faced by the AIHRC’s programs and activities. […]
The basic source of much of the information contained in the present report is the monthly reports received from the regional, provincial and central offices of the AIHRC including the 6 months report of the AIHRC. Likewise, research, thematic, monitoring, weekly and special reports received from the AIHRC’s Offices, as well as the data reserved in the AIHRC’s central database are the other sources used in preparing of the present report.” (AIHRC: Annual Report 1394, p. 1, July 2015)
“Thematic and research reports of the AIHRC, weekly and ad hoc reports received from the offices of the AIHRC, and the information and data in the AIHRC’s central (Database)” are the sources used for the AIHRC Six-Month Report. (AIHRC: AIHRC Six-Month Report, Period Covered: Jadi 1393 - Jawza 1394 (January - June 2015), p.1, 2015)
Language(s) of publications:

English, Pashtu, Persian
Further reading / links:
Decree on the establishment of the AIHRC:
Law on the Structure, Duties and Mandate of the AIHRC:
Afghanistan Analysts Network on the appointment of commissioners for the AIHRC:

All links accessed 13 September 2017. summary:
Independent national human rights organisation monitoring situation of human rights and providing information on human rights, in particular women and children rights, diabled rights and transitional justice. Language: English
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