Information on the penalty faced by individuals caught attempting to flee to Hong Kong in 1983, particularly the children of people viewed as capitalists during the Cultural Revolution [CHN22531.E]

Information on the above-mentioned subject could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB. However, attached please find several documents from 1984 to 1986 that mention the penalties faced by returning Chinese citizens who illegally left China for Hong Kong. Also attached is a January 1991 article by Susan Young entitled "Wealth but Not Security: Attitudes Towards Private Business in China in the 1980s." This article may be of interest.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs [Canberra]. January 1991. No. 25. Susan Young. "Wealth but Not Security: Attitudes Towards Private Business in China in the 1980s," pp. 115-37.

Los Angeles Times. 10 November 1985. Adam Kelliher. "High-Tech Gurkhas Guard Hong Kong Border; Special Devices Detect and Catch Illegal Chinese Immigrants to British Colony." (NEXIS)

The New York Times. 8 December 1986. Nicholas D. Kristof. "Hong Kong Journal: Ensnared and Returned: China's Migrant Young." (DIRB country file)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Geneva. 16 February 1984. Telex to the UNHCR branch office in Ottawa.

Sources Consulted

Amnesty International country file. January 1993-present.

Amnesty International Report 1983, 1984. 1983, 1984.

The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs [Canberra]. January 1990-January 1995.

China Focus [Princeton]. January 1993-November 1995.

The China Journal [Canberra]. July 1995.

China Rights Forum [New York]. Spring 1993-Fall 1995.

Country Reports 1983, 1984. 1984, 1985.

DIRB country file. January 1983-December 1988, January 1993-Present.

FBIS Daily Reports. 2 January 1991-1 December 1995.

Refugees, Immigration and Asylum Section (RIAS), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia. June 1994. Country Profile: China.

On-line searches.

Oral sources.