Information on the treatment of Chinese female citizens who return from abroad with their two children born in Canada, particularly with regard to the application of the one-child policy [CHN22505.E]

Information on the above-mentioned subject could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

For general information on the treatment of illegal Chinese emigrants upon their return to China, please consult page 565 of Country Reports 1994 as well as the attached documents.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Associated Press (AP). 10 April 1995. "China Says It Will Not Fine or Punish Returning Boat People." (NEXIS)

Chicago Tribune. 27 June 1993. Final Edition. Uli Schnetzer. "Fleeing Chinese Peasants: Pressure on America?" (NEXIS)

China Rights Forum [New York]. Spring 1994. "News Update: Travel," p. 30.

_____. Fall 1993. "News Update: Returned Emigrants," p. 26.

Documentation, Information and Research Branch (DIRB), Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa. January 1995. China: One-Child Policy.

Inter Press Service (IPS). 16 June 1994. Rajiv Chandra. "China: Forced Return of the Natives." (NEXIS)

Northwest Asian Weekly. 7 May 1994. "Immigration News: Deportation of PRC Nationals on Hold." (The Ethnic Newswatch/NEXIS)

Refugees, Immigration and Asylum Section (RIAS), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia. June 1994. Country Profile: China. Canberra: RIAS, pp. 15-18, 36-41, 46-50.

Renmin Ribao [Beijing, in Chinese]. 17 July 1994. "Foreign Ministry Official Commen ts on Illegal Migration." (FBIS-CHI-94-140 21 July 1994, pp. 11-13)

South China Morning Post [Hong Kong]. 28 March 1995. Scott McKenzie. "Aircraft Shortage Hits IIs". (NEXIS)

_____. 30 January 1994. "Government Fines, Detains `Golden Venture' Returnees." (FBIS-CHI-94-021 1 Feb. 1994, pp. 2-3)

_____. 22 July 1993. "Fujian Defends Treatment of Returned Illegal Immigrants." (FBIS-CHI-93-139 22 July 1993, pp. 15-16)

The Washington Post. 20 July 1993. Final Edition. Lena H. Sun. "Illegal Chinese Migrants Arrive Home." (NEXIS)

Xinhua News Agency [Beijing, in English]. 5 March 1994. "Punishment Against Illegal Border Crossing." (FBIS-CHI-94-047 10 Mar. 1994, pp. 55-57)

_____. 29 August 1993. "Report Fate of Repatriated Illegal Immigrants." (FBIS-CHI-93-166 30 August 1993, pp. 20-21)

Sources Consulted

Amnesty International country file. January 1994-present.

Amnesty International Report 1994, 1995. 1994, 1995.

The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs [Canberra]. January 1990-January 1995.

Brugger, Bill and Stephen Reglar. 1994. Politics, Economy and Society in Contemporary China.

China. Guangdong Provincial Regulations on Family Planning. 1986.

_____. Henan Provincial Rules and Regulations on Family Planning. April 1990.

China Focus [Princeton]. January 1993-November 1995.

The China Journal [Canberra]. July 1995.

China Rights Forum [New York]. Spring 1993-fall 1995.

Conly, R. Shanti and Sharon L. Camp. 1992. China's Family Planning Program: Challenging the Myths.

Country Reports 1993, 1994. 1994, 1995.

Critique 1994. July 1995.

DIRB country file. September 1993-Present.

FBIS Daily Reports. 2 January 1991-1 December 1995.

Human Rights in Developing Countries Yearbook 1994. 1994.

Human Rights Watch World Report 1994, 1995. 1994, 1995.
Refugees, Immigration and Asylum Section (RIAS), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia. June 1994.

Country Profile: China

Population Bulletin [Washington, DC]. June 1992. Vol. 47, No. 1. Yuan H. Tien et al. "China's Demographic Dilemmas."

On-line searches.