Information on human rights violations committed by the Javidan Guard (Immortal Guard) during the reign of the Shah [IRN24030.E]

Sources consulted by the DIRB do not provide information on the abuse of human rights by the Javidan Guard. However, please consult the attachments for general information on the Javidan Guard and its activities during the last year of the Shah's regime.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Tehran Home Service. 11 April 1979. "Iran: In Brief; Former Foreign Minister Among Those Executed on 11th April." (BBC Summary/NEXIS)

_____. 28 March 1979. "List of Iranian Detainees." (BBC Summary/NEXIS)

Chaplin, Helen Metz. 1989. Iran: A Country Study. Washington, DC: Secretary of the Army, pp. 245-46.

The New York Times. 24 January 1979. "Maj Gen Ali Neshat, comdr of Javidan Brigade of Imperial Guard of Iran...." (NEXIS)

The Washington Post. 1 November 1979. Final Edition. Jonathon C. Randal. "Iraq Moves to Sever 1975 Border Accord with Iran." (NEXIS)

_____. 12 February 1979. Final Edition. William Caiborne. "Iranian Government Falls in Uprising Jubilation Car Horns Hank to Celebrate Victory Rebels Exult in Victory." (NEXIS)

_____. 11 February 1979. Final Edition. William Branigin. "A Loud Crack and a Groan ...; A Bloody Day in Iran: The 'Immortals' Versus the Cadets." (NEXIS)

_____. 15 December 1978. Final Edition. Jonathan C. Randal. "Ball Said to Back Civilian Rule in Iran; Troops in Elite Guard Kill Officers; Troops in Shah's Guard Kill 12 Officers." (NEXIS)

Zabih, Sepehr. 1988. The Iranian Military in Revolution and War. London: Routledge, pp. 70-75, 227-228.

Additional Sources Consulted

The Iranian Military in Revolution. 1988

Radical Islam: The Iranian Mojahedin. 1989.

The Warriors of Islam: Iran's Revolutionary Guards. 1993

On-line search of news articles

Oral sources