The Inu faction of the Jatiya Samajtantrik (JSD), including the party's structure, its leaders, its activities, its policies, and its alliances with other parties; whether members face problems with the government or police authorities (2000 - 2003) [BGD42046.E]

Several 2003 media reports cite Hasanal Haq Inu as the current president (Bangladeshi News 16 Jan. 2003; The Independent 20 Sept. 2003), or leader (ibid. 7 May 2003; Bangladeshi News 23 June 2003), of the Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal (JSD) (National Socialist Party). Hasanul Haq Inu3/4who formerly led a separate JSD faction that joined the Left Democratic Front in 1994 (Political Parties of the World 2002)3/4was the general secretary of the JSD Rab faction, under then party president A. S. M. Abdur Rab (Europa World Year Book 2003 2003, 671). After winning one seat in the June 1996 elections, the JSD (Rab) faction became part of the Awami League (AL) coalition government that ruled Bangladesh until July 2001 (Political Parties of the World 2002, 37).

The student-led Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) is reportedly backed by the JSD (The Daily Star 31 Mar. 2001; ibid. 25 Mar. 2001; ibid. 1 Apr. 2001). According to The Daily Star, a dissident group of BCL members and alleged supporters of A. S. M. Abdur Rab, went on a "rampage" after Mirza Anwarul Huq, who the dissidents protested was a non-student, married, businessman, was elected general secretary of the organization (1 Apr. 2001). The dissident group subsequently broke away from the central BCL committee and formed their own committee with S. M. Shahebullah Rana as president and Mehedi Hasan Khokon as general secretary (The Daily Star 1 Apr. 2001).

During 2003, AL leaders initiated meetings with the JSD (Inu), the Communist Party of Bangladesh (CPB) (The New Age 13 Aug. 2003) and other pro-liberation parties and groups in an attempt to unite against what they believe are the "tyranny, misdeeds and misrule of the BNP-led alliance government" (The Independent 13 Aug. 2003). For example, in 2002, Inu publicly accused the BNP of appointing and transferring government officials on the basis of their personal and political affiliations and alleging that money was involved in their transactions (Holiday 19 Apr. 2002).

At a June 2003 meeting organized on the fifty-fourth anniversary of the founding of the AL party, Inu announced that everyone should participate in a unified front against the ruling Bangladesh National Party (BNP) (Bangladeshi News 23 June 2003). Addressing his fellow party members at a Dhaka city unit workers meeting in September 2003, Inu encouraged JSD leaders and workers to help put an end to the BNP regime through their support of the proposed multi-party government (The Independent 20 Sept. 2003). Meer Hossain Akhter, Dhaka city unit president, Nazmul Huq Prodhan, joint general secretary, Md Khaled, organizing secretary, and Ataur Rahman, city unit general secretary, also spoke at the meeting (ibid.).

In August 2003, the JSD (Inu) formally acknowledged its support for the AL's request to unify the opposition parties with a proposal identifying the following key issues to be addressed by the alliance:

The ... introduction of bicameral parliament, decentralisation of power, reform in the Election Commission and electoral laws, separation of the judiciary from the executive and the establishment of rule of law.
...[E]nsuring neutrality, transparency and accountability in the administration, introduction of the 'social market economy,' equal rights for women, safeguarding the values and spirit of the Liberation War with [the] trial of ... war criminals and a ban on religion-based politics, introduction of science and technology-based education, protection of natural resources including gas and strengthening of regional and sub-regional co-operation (The Independent 13 Aug. 2003).

Earlier in 2003, the JSD (Inu) invited all Bangladeshi political parties, including the BNP, to engage in a national dialogue intended to ascertain common views on issues such as terrorism, natural resources, the rule of law, anti-corruption, an ombudsman office, and empowering local governments (The Daily Star 20 Jan. 2003). However, no information on the response to the proposed national dialogue by other Bangladeshi parties could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

The JSD (Inu) is also developing stronger ties with the left-leaning CPB and the Gonotantri Party (GP) (ibid. 5 Sept. 2003). After meeting several times, the three parties agreed to work collaboratively to fight government cutbacks, privatization, and growing fundamentalism in Bangladesh (ibid.). Hasanul Haq Inu, Jafar Sazzad, Moinuddin Khan Badal, Mir Hossain Akhter, Robiul Alam, Monsur Ahmed and Azizur Rahman were among the JSD (Inu) members who took part in the meetings (ibid.).

Other activities of the JSD (Inu) party during 2003 included organizing demonstrations to protest the U.S.-led war in Iraq (The Independent 13 Apr. 2003). JSD president Inu publicly criticized the United States foreign policy as "'aggressive unilateral-ism and militarism'" (Bangladeshi News 16 Jan. 2003).

While no mention is made of the JSD (Inu), Amnesty International press releases from 2002 and 2003 urge the BNP government to stop politically motivated detentions of AL opposition supporters (6 Sept. 2002; 9 Jan. 2003). Amnesty states that "prisoners remanded in police custody for interrogation are often subjected to torture" and that the government fails to protect prisoners from torture and to sentence those responsible (AI 9 Jan. 2003).

No information on whether JSD (Inu) members face problems with government or police authorities could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Amnesty International (AI). 9 January 2003. Press Release. "Bangladesh: Senior Awami League Politician in Danger of Torture." (ASA 13/002/2003) [Accessed 3 Oct. 2003]

_____. 6 September 2002. Press Release. "Politically-Motivated Detention of Opponents Must Stop." (ASA 13/012/2002) [Accessed 3 Oct. 2003]

Bangladeshi News. 23 June 2003. "Hasina-Khaleda." (Dialog)

______. 16 January 2003. "US-Political Reaction." (Dialog)

The Daily Star [Dhaka]. 5 September 2003. "3 Left Parties Vow to Fight Fundamentalism." [Accessed 2 Oct. 2003]

_____. 20 January 2003. "AL on Ally Hunt for Joint Programmes." [Accessed 3 Oct. 2003]

_____. 1 April 2001. "JSD-Backed BCL Splits." [Accessed 3 Apr. 2001]

_____. 31 March 2001. "JSD-Backed BCL Forms New Committee." [Accessed 3 Apr. 2001]

_____. 25 March 2001. "Council of JSD Backed BCL From March 29." [Accessed 26 Mar. 2001]

Europa World Year Book 2003. 2003. 43rd ed. Vol. 1. London: Europa Publications.

Holiday [Dhaka]. 19 April 2002. "Govt. Sidetracking Constitutional Provisions, Alleges Inu." [Accessed 3 Oct. 2003]

The Independent [Dhaka]. 20 September 2003. "JSD Wants Natioanl Government." [Accessed 2 Oct. 2003]

_____. 13 August 2003. "JSD-Inu Welcomes AL Move for Unity." [Accessed 3 Oct. 2003]

_____. 7 May 2003. "Call to Forge Unity of Democratic, Progressive Forces." (Dialog)

_____. 13 April 2003. "Thousands Demonstrate in Bangladesh Against Anglo-American Presence in Iraq." (BBC International Reports/Dialog)

The New Age [Dhaka]. 13 August 2003. "AL and JSD Meeting Over Greater Unity." [Accessed 2 Oct. 2003]

Political Parties of the World. 2002. 5th ed. Edited by Alan J. Day. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group.

Additional Sources Consulted


IRB Databases

Internet sites, including:

Bangladesh Election Commission

Human Rights Watch

Political Resources on the Net: Bangladesh

Virtual Bangladesh: Politics

World News Connection

Associated documents