The Union Démocratique pour le Progrès Tchadien (UDPT, its leaders, policies, activities, the religious composition of membership, results in the 1996 presidential elections and treatment by party members of the Alliance Nationale pour la Solidarité et la Démocratie (ANSD) [TCD31083.E]

The Union Démocratique pour le Progrès Tchadien (UDPT), led by former minister Elie Romba, was one of the 15 political parties that participated in the 1996 presidential election (Political Handbook of the World 1998,174; ARB June 1996, 1226). "Finance minister under Habre and justice minister under Deby, Romba... comes from the southern Logone Oriental region, where rebels loyal to Moise Kette were active against Deby's government" (Reuters 31 May 1996). Although election results for the UDPT are not indicated, it did not participate in the second round of elections, which took place on 3 July 1996 (CIA World Factbook Almanac of Politics and Government 1999).

Reports on the religious composition of the members, activities and treatment by party members of the Alliance Nationale pour la Solidarite et la Démocratie (ANSD) could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please see the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series [Oxford]. 1997-1998. Vols. 34-35. Nos. 1-12.

Political Handbook of the World 1998. 1998. Edited by Arthur S. Banks. Binghamton, NY: CSA Publications.

CIA World Factbook Almanac of Politics and Government. 1999. [Internet][Accessed 29 January 1999].

Reuters. 31 May 1996. "Fifteen Candidates for Chad Presidential Election." (NEXIS).

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Confidential [London]. June - September 1996. Vol. 37. Nos. 12-18.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1997. 1998. United States Department of State. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Press.

Keesings Record of World Events [Cambridge]. Vol. 42. June-September 1996. Nos. 5-12.

Resource Centre. Country File. Chad. June-July 1996.

West Africa [London]. June-September 1996.

Electronic sources: IRB Databases, LEXIS/NEXIS, Internet, REFWORLD, World News Connection (WNC).

Unsuccessful attempt to contact oral source.