IRB – Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (Author)
1) According to Americas Watch, [ As
reported in The Civilian Toll, 1987, pp. 108-111.] the
Salvadorean army has not been able to fully avoid infiltration of
guerrillas and collaborators among its troops, despite the army's
practice of sudden forced recruitment reportedly aimed at reducing
such infiltrations. However, the available reports do not indicate
whether infiltrators could have been recruited once they were in
the army. Other reports on the subject could not be found among the
sources currently available to the IRBDC.
2) For some detailed information on the
Salvadorean army, please find attached the following articles:
-"El Salvador's Army: A Force Unto Itself", in The New York Times Magazine, 10 December 1989, pp. 47, 95, 97;
-"El Salvador", in World Defence Almanac 1986-1987, (Bonn: Mönch Publishing Group, December 1986), p. 97.
For more information on the Salvadorean
army, including references to operational tactics and location of
garrisons, please refer to the maps listed below and the articles
in which they are found (also attached).
3) Although a strict definition of
"control" may not be applied to many areas affected by guerrilla
warfare and `low intensity conflict', please find attached maps of
various years defining areas of El Salvador of frequent,
significant and/or permanent guerrilla presence, in some cases
described as control. These include:
-Keesing's Record of World Events, (London, Longman Publishing Group), July 1985, p. 33715;
-"La guerre d'usure", from L'etat des conflits dans le Monde, (Paris: Le Monde, 1989), p. 15, an article first published in 1986;
-"The shifting battle-front", in The Christian Science Monitor, 7-13 November 1988, pp. 16-17;
-Map of El Salvador from the draft of the IRBDC's 1989 Country Profile on that country;
-"El Salvador Civil War", in The World in Conflict 1989, (London: Brassey's Defence Publishers, 1989), p. 56.
Unfortunately, a French language
translation of texts in English could not be made in time to meet
the stated deadline.