A newspaper called Awam (Daily Awam, The People) that reports on events in Faisalabad, Punjab; whether the 11 June 1999 issue reports on a meeting of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), and if so, names of those involved in the meeting; whether the 22 June 1999 issue reports that a PPP worker came under gun fire in his automobile, and if so, the name and position of the worker [PAK34976.E]

Awam, founded in 1994, is an Urdu-language daily published in Karachi (Europa 1999 1999, 2750; AFP 12 Dec. 1995; The News 4 Mar. 1997; shillong.com n.d.). In 1997 the newspaper's editorial offices were housed in the same building as those of the Daily Jang (The News 4 Mar. 1997), but it is not clear whether Awam is part of the Jang group of newspapers.

Awam does not at present have an online edition (shillong.com n.d.). Research Directorate efforts to obtain copies of the articles from the Awam office in Karachi were unsuccessful within the time constraints of this Response.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Agence France Press (AFP). 12 December 1995. "Dailies Warned Against Sensationalizing Karachi Violence." (FBIS-TOT-96-004-L 8 Feb. 1996/WNC)

The Europa World Year Book 1999. 1999. 40th ed. Vol. 2. London: Europa Publications.

The News [Islamabad]. 4 March 1997. "Bomb Explodes Outside Jang Office 4 Mar." (FBIS-TOT-97-063 10 Mar. 1997/WNC)

Shillong.com. n.d. "Newspapers in Sind." http://www.shillong.com/Newspapers/Pakistan/Sind.html [Accessed 25 July 2000]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB databases.


Political Handbook of the World: 1999. 1999.

World News Connection (WNC).

The World's News Media. 1991.

One oral source contacted.

Internet sites including:

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).

Freedom Forum.


Pakistan News Service (PNS).