a-4729 (ACC-UGA-4729)

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Hintergrundinformation zur Sekte „Wiedereinsetzung der 10 Gebote“ („Restoration of the 10 Commandments“) 
“6.41 On 17 March 2000 several hundred members of The Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God were burnt to death at the sect's headquarters in Kanungu in southwest Uganda. The incident was initially treated as a mass suicide, however as further bodies of cult members were found buried in the gardens and beneath the floorboards of houses used by the sect it became clear that cult members had been massacred. [29] On 28 July 2000 the police announced that most of the hundreds of people who died at Kanungu, whose bodies had been found in buried pits had been poisoned to death. Hundreds of bodies were discovered in various places in the country including Kampala where the cult had branches. [64a]
6.42 This group focused on upcoming Armageddon at the end of 2000 (not the end of 1999 as previously thought); it was a group based on Christianity, seemingly composed mainly of disenfranchised Roman Catholic clergy and lay people. On March 17, 2000, several hundred members died in a fire at the group's church; the ensuing investigation has literally turned up hundreds of bodies. The number of deaths caused by this group, whether by coerced suicide or outright murder, has surpassed the death toll of the Jonestown tragedy. [15]
6.43 Credonia Mwerinde, a former prostitute who reportedly founded the sect in the late 1980's (some reports say it was not established until 1994), warned followers that the world was about to end, but said her followers would enter an ark and be saved. The sect had been predicting that the world would end on 31 December 1999. When the end did not come, sect leaders rescheduled the date for the end of June 2000. [71b] However Father Dominic Kataribabo, one of the 12 'apostles', talked of another date - 17 March 2000. On this date sect members entered their church in Kanungu. The doors were locked and the windows boarded and nailed shut from the outside. Villagers said there was a huge explosion at about 10.00am followed by the screams of people beating on the wooden windows. [36] 
6.44 A lack of forensic expertise made it impossible to establish how many people perished in the fire. [71b] By 28 July 2000 the death toll from the fire was put at 500. Local officials said it was not known whether any of the cult leaders died with their followers or whether any survivors had fled. [63a] 
6.45 Investigations following the fire led to mass graves of sect members being discovered on the property of various members of the sect, including the homes of Father Kataribabo in Rugazi and Joseph Nyamwrinda in Bushenyi District. On 31 March 2000 police arrested Robert Mutazindwa, an assistant resident district commissioner who was formally in charge of Kanungu. This was the first arrest made in connection with the deaths. President Museveni accused district and regional officials of suppressing intelligence reports on the activities of the cult and said he had heard reports that the official arrested was a cult member. [36]
6.46 By 1 April 2000 a total of 389 bodies had been found; all bodies exhumed had been killed within a period of two months. This lends weight to the theory that sect leaders decided to kill their members after their prediction that the world would end in 2000 failed to materialise. In a telephone interview on 28 July 2000, Police Spokesman Asuman Mugenyi said that the death toll in the cult killings registered at 778. However, the motive behind the massacre remained unknown. Speculation has included a financial scam, pressure on the cult to return members' property, and a fanatical belief.
6.47 On 2 April 2000 a prayer meeting was held in Kanungu for victims of the cult. Vice-President Dr Kazibwe who was in attendance said there was "overwhelming evidence" that what happened in Kanungu and other locations were "callous, well-orchestrated mass murders, perpetrated by a network of diabolical, malevolent criminals masquerading as holy and religious people". She also said that the total number of dead at Kanungu and other sites would surpass 1,000. Dr Kazibwe apologised on behalf of the Government for the fact that the cult's activities had escaped the scrutiny of senior officials, she said that those at a lower level who had failed to pass on information or take action would be punished. The Catholic Archbishop of western Uganda said he was not convinced that sect leader, Joseph Kibwetere was dead.” (UK Home Office, Oktober 2003, Abs. 6.41-6.47) 
Sind die Anführer der Sekte „Wiedereinsetzung der 10 Gebote“ (Restoration of the 10 Commandments) Joseph Kibwetere und Father Dominic Kataribo noch am Leben und sind sie noch tätig? Werden die Mitglieder der Sekte nach wie vor von den Anführern in Uganda verfolgt? Welchen Schutz kann ihnen der Staat gewähren?
In den ACCORD derzeit zur Verfügung stehenden Materialien konnten keine Informationen darüber gefunden werden, ob ehemalige Mitglieder der Sekte nach wie vor von den Anführern der Sekte in Uganda verfolgt werden.
Laut einem Artikel der Zeitung „The Monitor“ vom 18. März 2005 seien die Anführer der Sekte noch nicht gefasst worden. Die Polizei habe internationale Haftbefehle gegen sie erlassen. Die Untersuchungen seien abgeschlossen worden, es sei jedoch noch zu keinen Verhaftungen gekommen (The Monitor, Mystery Surrounds Kanungu Massacre, 18. März 2005). „The Monitor“ berichtet in einem weiteren Artikel vom 18. März 2005, der ugandische Vizepräsident habe unmittelbar nach dem von den Sektenführern begangenen Massaker versprochen, eine Untersuchungskommission zu dem Massaker einzurichten. Dazu sei es jedoch auf Grund budgetärer Probleme nicht gekommen (The Monitor, Kibwetere Massacre, the Forgotten Event, 18. März 2005).
Auch das US Department of State (USDOS) erwähnt in einem Bericht vom 18. Dezember 2003: 
“Police are still searching for 5 key members of the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, including leader Joseph Kibwetere, in relation to the 2000 killing in Kanungu of over 500 members of the group. During the period covered by this report, the Commission of Inquiry remained unable to complete its work because of a lack of funding.” (USDOS, 18. Dezember 2003, Kap. „Abuses of Religious Freedom“)
Nach Angaben eines Artikels der Zeitung „New Vision“ vom 8. Mai 2003 sei den Parlamentsabgeordneten mitgeteilt worden, dass sich Joseph Kibwetere in Israel aufhalte (New Vision, 8. Mai 2003).
Im Februar 2004 schlossen die Behörden nach Angaben des US Department of State (USDOS) im Distrikt Kanungu eine Kirche wegen angeblicher Ähnlichkeiten mit dem Kult „Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God“ (USDOS, 15. September 2004, Abs. „Restrictions on Religious Freedom“; siehe dazu auch The Monitor, 19. Februar 2004).
In einer Anfragebeantwortung des Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) vom 27. Oktober 2000 heißt es zu den Aktivitäten der Sekte und dem möglichen Verbleib von deren Anführern: 
“No reports that leaders of the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, continue to target surviving members for reprisal and/or death could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
The whereabouts of the three leaders were unknown as of July 2000; Mwerinda and Kibwetere are believed "to be on the run." (The Toronto Star 30 July 2000; Xinhua 27 Aug. 2000; Sydney Morning Herald 30 Mar. 2000; ). Although Kibwetere's estranged wife believes that he died in the inferno. However, "Ugandan authorities suspect he is still at large and have launched a nation wide manhunt" for him (BBC 29 Mar. 2000; AP 31 Mar. 2000; IPS 7 Apr.2000), and were reportedly issuing international arrest warrants for Kibwetere and Mwerinda (AP 31 Mar. 2000; IPS 7 Apr. 2000). If apprehended, the leaders "the face death by hanging if arrested and convicted" (IPS 7 Apr. 2000).
In May 2000, the police found Father Kataribabo's passport, leading the authorities to speculate that he "might be dead, hiding somewhere in Uganda or has another passport, which he may have used to flee to another country" (PANA 24 May 2000). Xinhua reports that Kibwetere "is suspected to be hiding in western Kenya" (27 Aug. 2000). The passport of Dr. Khan Ali, a Pakistani national and son-in-law to Joseph Kibwetere was impounded by police authorities in Uganda, who also interrogated him about the whereabouts of Kibwetere (ibid.). Dr. Ali, allegedly a member of the cult, is said to have disappeared after the Kanungu fire and massacre on 17 March 2000 (ibid.). After re-appearing in May, he was arrested and taken to the police station in Kabale district, where Kanungu is located, but he "denied any connection with his father-in-law activities" (ibid.).” (IRB, 27. Oktober 2000; siehe auch BBC News, 30. März 2000; The Guardian, 25. März 2000)
Ist der Stamm Baganda bekannt und spricht dieser die Sprache Luganda?
Nach Angaben von Freedom House (FH) und dem US Department of State (USDOS) stellen die Baganda mit 18% (USDOS, September 2005) bzw. 17% (FH, August 2005, S. 659) der Bevölkerung die größte ethnische Gruppe in Uganda dar.
Das UK Home Office bezieht sich in seinem Länderbericht von Oktober 2005 auf das Economist Intelligence Unit’s Country Profile, zuletzt aktualisiert am 13. Dezember 2004, demzufolge Luganda, die Sprache der Baganda, die in Uganda die am weitesten verwendete einheimische Sprache ist (UK Home Office, Oktober 2005, Abs. 6.35; siehe auch Ethnologue.com, 2005).
Wurden die Baganda von Rebellen namens „Koni“ (im Jahr 1998) aus Gulu vertrieben?
In den ACCORD derzeit zur Verfügung stehenden Materialien konnten keine Informationen über eine Rebellengruppe namens Koni gefunden werden. Joseph Kony ist jedoch der Name des Anführers der in Uganda tätigen Rebellengruppe Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
Nach Angaben des US Department of State (USDOS) vom 26. Februar 1999 und des UK Home Office vom Oktober 2002 war die Lord’s Resistance Army auch 1998 in den nördlichen Landesteilen Ugandas bzw. Gulu aktiv: 
„The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), led by Joseph Kony, operated in the north from bases in southern Sudan. The LRA continued to kill, torture, maim, rape, and abduct large numbers of civilians, virtually enslaving numerous children. Although its levels of activity diminished somewhat compared with 1997, the area that the LRA targeted grew.” (USDOS, 26. Februar 1999, Einleitung)
 “The methods used to punish the Acholi are particularly brutal, effectively spreading terror and damaging any kind of normal life. Up until March 1999 nearly 50% of the population of Gulu and Kitgum (approximately 400,000 people) had been forced to flee their homes. The worst affected area was Gulu, where approximately 80% of the population were displaced. Numerous attacks and abductions occurred in December 1998 and January 1999. During the rest of 1999 there was cautious optimism in the districts of Gulu and Kitgum as the level of LRA activity was low.” (UK Home Office, Oktober 2002, Abs. 6.88)
In den ACCORD derzeit zur Verfügung stehenden Materialien konnten jedoch keine Informationen darüber gefunden werden, ob (im Jahr 1998) Baganda von Kony’s Rebellen aus Gulu vertrieben worden sind.
In einem Artikel der Zeitung „New Vision“ vom 3. Jänner 2000 wird ein Brief der LRA-Rebellen erwähnt, in dem ein Ultimatum an unter anderem die Baganda, Acholiland zu verlassen, gestellt wird: 
“The rebels, in their letter to RDC, said they had given the non- Acholi-the Baganda, the Banyankole and the Banyoro-10 days from January 3, 2000 to January 13, 2000 to leave Acholiland.” (New Vision, 3. Jänner 2000). 
Laut Wikipedia ist der Distrikt Gulu im nördlichen Uganda mit der gleichnamigen Hauptstadt Gulu einer von drei Distrikten, die zusammen das historische Heimatland der ethnischen Gruppe der Acholi, das sogenannte Acholiland, darstellten (Wikipedia, letzte Änderung: 28. November 2005).
Diese Informationen beruhen auf einer zeitlich begrenzten Recherche in öffentlich zugänglichen Dokumenten, die ACCORD derzeit zur Verfügung stehen. Die Antwort stellt keine abschließende Meinung zur Glaubwürdigkeit eines bestimmten Asylansuchens dar.
Sekte “Restoration of the Ten Commandments” 
 Ethnische Gruppe Baganda/ Sprache Luganda 
Wurden die Baganda von den Rebellen namens „Koni“ aus Gulu vertrieben?