15. Juni 2012
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Die folgenden Ausschnitte aus ausgewählten Quellen enthalten Informationen zu oben genannter Fragestellung (Zugriff auf alle Quellen am 15. Juni 2012):
· USDOS - US Department of State: Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 2011 - Pakistan, 24. Mai 2012 (verfügbar auf ecoi.net)
„Informal justice systems lacking the legal protections of institutionalized justice systems continued, especially in rural areas, and often resulted in human rights violations. Feudal landlords and other community leaders in Sindh and Punjab, and tribal leaders in Pashtun and Baloch areas, continued to hold local council meetings (known as panchayats or jirgas), at times in defiance of the established legal system. Such councils settled feuds and imposed tribal penalties on perceived wrongdoers, including fines, imprisonment, or even the death penalty. Women often were sentenced to violent punishments or death for “honor”-related crimes (see section 6). In Pashtun areas, primarily located in FATA, such councils were held under the outlines of the FCR. Assistant political agents, overseen by political agents and supported by tribal elders of their choosing, are legally responsible for justice in FATA and conduct hearings according to Islamic law and tribal custom. Under the pashtunwali code of conduct, a man, his family, and his tribe are obligated to take revenge for wrongs, real or perceived, to redeem their honor. Frequently disputes arose over women and land. They often resulted in violence.“ (Section 1e)
· Plus News Pakistan: Property dispute triggers clash in Multan; 7 injured, 11. Juni 2012 (verfügbar auf Factiva)
„MULTAN: Seven persons were injured in a fight over land dispute in Multan on Sunday. According to reports, two brothers, residents of Hamid Nagar, had a long property dispute. The two brothers locked into an argument today, leading to an armed clash. Relatives of two brothers also joined the fight, in which seven persons were killed.”
· The News: Jirga resolves land dispute in NWA, 7. Juni 2012
„MIRANSHAH: A local jirga on Wednesday managed to resolve a land dispute between two sub-tribes of Turikhel tribe over the possession of land on Sher Ratla dam on Mir Ali Road, ending the fear of a looming bloody clash between the warring clans.
It was learnt that the jirga comprising Additional Political Agent Mir Ali, Muhammad Amin and other officials held successful negotiations with the elders of Shah Meri and Abakhel tribes and persuaded them to vacate bunkers on the hilltops.“
· Plus News Pakistan: Land dispute kills four, 29. Mai 2012 (verfügbar auf Factiva)
„Four persons from a relatively small tribe were shot dead by their opponents from a major tribe over a land dispute in the Kotli district of Azad Kashmir on Monday.
Police sources said two groups from Gujjar and Jogi tribes were having a feud over a forestland in Potha village of district Kotli. The issue was also under litigation for the last eight or so months in a local lower court.
On Monday, as the Jogi tribe was herding cattle in the disputed land, they came under attack from the Gujjar tribe and in the ensuing clash both sides used batons and axes.
However, the Gujjar tribe resorted to gunshots, killing Amir Afzal, Mohammad Shabbir, Mohammad Idrees and Mohammad Rasheed from Jogi tribe.
Seven others from Jogi tribe sustained injuries and two of them were referred to DHQ Hospital Kotli and Pims Islamabad on account of their critical wounds.”
· Daily Messenger: 4 gunned down over land dispute, 26. Mai 2012 (verfügbar auf Factiva)
„Four people were killed and 5 others injured when two rival groups fought over a land dispute near here on Friday.
As per details, people belonging to Rind and Khaskheli communities fought over a land dispute and exchanged firing at Village Ranjho Talpur near here. As a result 35year Shero Rind, his brother 27year Wazeer Rind, Akbar Khaskheli, 40 and Pervez Khaskheli, 25 died on the spot, while five other people including Shaukat, Muzaffar and Asif sustained bullet injuries and rushed to the taluka hospital. Police rushed to the area and controlled the situation.”
· The Pak Banker: Clash between two rival groups leaves five dead in Quetta, 23. Mai 2012 (verfügbar auf Factiva)
„Quetta: According to police, at least five people were killed in an armed clash held between two groups over land dispute at Bosa Mandi.“
· Daily Messenger: Four killed, 4 injured in clash between Arain and Soomro communities, 22. Mai 2012 (verfügbar auf Factiva)
„At least four persons of Arain community were killed and four others of Soomro community sustained injuries in clash between them over land dispute at village Goledi in the jurisdiction of Kot Sabzal police station in Punjab near Sindh border on Monday. […]
It is said that both the rival groups had dispute over the land acquired by Soomro community people since last five years. Clash took place when the armed men of Arain community came today.”
· The Baluchistan Times: Land dispute claims 5 lives in Faislabad, 11. Mai 2012 (verfügbar auf Factiva)
„FAISALABAD: At least five people were killed when two armed group opened fire on each other on a land dispute in Faisalabad, police said on Thursday. The police said that the incident occurred in jurisdiction of Samundri Police Station when a land conflict between two persons named Ashraf and Mazhar turned violent.
Last night Mazhar opened fire on his rival Muhammad Ashraf while he was sitting in his Den as a result Ashraf’s two sons were killed on the spot while Ashraf, his other son Waheed and a minor girl was severely injured. In retaliatory firing two attackers Waseem and Moazzam were killed.”
· The Express Tribune: Law and order: Saddar residents protest land-grab, 29. April 2012
„FAISALABAD: Dozens of residents of Saddar on Saturday staged a protest against the police for not taking action against a gang of land grabbers in the area.
The demonstrators marched from the District Council Chowk to the office of the regional police officer where they staged a sit-in. They accused the police of supporting some influential men in their illegal occupation of a residential plot they said was owned by Muhammad Afzal, also present on the scene.
Afzal said Saddar police had yet to register his complaint against one Nawaz Gujjar and his accomplices in the matter. He said he had obtained directions for the police from an additional sessions judge to register the case. He said a plot he owned in the area had been illegally occupied by Gujjar and Muhammad Ajmal for five days. ‘They beat up five men of my family for putting up resistance,’ he said. He said four of the injured were still hospitalised.
Afzal alleged that the Saddar police were protecting and supporting several criminals in the area. He said cattle lifting, land-grab, organised gambling and drug peddling were reported every other day but the police had yet to arrest anyone of these.“