Information on the Mahe subclan of the Dir, on the location of their traditional homeland and the stability of that area; and on the current situation of the Dir, on where they are located today, and who are their allies [SOM22443.E]

For general information on the Mahe or Mehe subclan and the Dir clan, please consult pages 144-148 of The Price of Peace and the appendix on clan genealogies, which is available at Regional Documentation Centres. No other information on the Mahe could be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

For current information on various Dir subclans, please consult Response to Information Request SML22207.E of 15 November 1995, which is available at Regional Documentation Centres, and to the attachments.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Agence France Presse [Paris, in French]. 15 August 1995. "Somalia: Somaliland's Egal Launches Attacks on Issa Rebels." (FBIS-AFR-95-158 16 Aug. 1995, p. 7)

BBC World Service [London, in English]. 21 September 1995. "Somalia: Fighting Reported Between Egal, Issa Forces." (FBIS-AFR-95-184 22 Sept. 1995, p. 2)

The Indian Ocean Newsletter [Paris]. 4 November 1995. No. 692. "Somaliland: Fighting Near Zeila," p. 4.

_____. 8 April 1995. No. 666. "Somaliland: Anti-government Attack," p. 2.

_____. 4 February 1995. No. 657. "Somaliland: Guerissa Region Sees Combat," p. 4.

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Confidential. 1995.

Africa Research Bulletin. 1995.

Background Paper on Somali Refugees and Asylum Seekers. 1994. UNHCR.

A Modern History of Somalia. 1988.

The Shaping of Somalia Society. 1982.

Somalia: Building Human Rights in the Disintegrated State. 1995. Amnesty International.

Somalia: A Country Study. 1993.

Somalia: A Human Rights Disaster. 1992. Amnesty International.

Somalia: The Missed Opportunities. 1994.

Somalia: Nation in Search of a State. 1987.

USAID Somalia Situation Reports. 1995.

Victims and Vulnerable Groups in Southern Somalia. 1995.

Oral sources.