Whether the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) forcibly recruits combatants and non-combatants; reports of reprisals or violence by the EZLN against those who refuse to support them or have discontinued their support, and state protection available to victims of such forcible practices or reprisals (1999-2002) [MEX38494.E]

Further to MEX35950.E of 28 November 2000 and MEX32801.E of 24 September 1999, no references to forcible recruitment of combatants or non-combatants by the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), or of reprisals or violence against persons who refuse to support the EZLN or discontinue their support, could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

Sources Consulted

El Informador [Guadalajara]. Searchable archives.

El Universal [Mexico City]. Searchable archives. 1999.

IRB Databases

La Jornada [Mexico]. Searchable archives. 1999-2002.

Latin American Regional Reports: Mexico & NAFTA Report [London]. 1999-2002.

Latinamerica Press [Lima]. 1999-2002.

Internet sites, including:

Amnesty International

Human Rights Watch.

Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Human Rights Center (PRODH), Mexico City.


This list is not exhaustive. Country-specific publications available at the Resource Centre are not listed.

Associated documents