Information on the Pakistan Awami Tehreek (the Pakistan People's Movement, not Alliance) which was formed in May 1989 by Dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Gadri; on whether its leaders and members were targeted by the previous Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI, or the Islamic Democratic Alliance, IDA) government; and on the treatment of its leaders and members by the present Pakistan People's Party (PPP) government [PAK20344.E]

Information on the Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT), other than that provided by the attachments, could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

This response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find attached the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Political Handbook of the World: 1992. 1992. Edited by Arthur S. Banks. Binghamton, NY: CSA Publications, p. 584.

Political Parties of Asia and the Pacific. 1985. Vol. 2. Edited by Haruhiro Fukui et al. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, p. 916.

Political Parties of the World. 1984. 2nd. ed. Edited by Alan J. Day and Henry W. Degenhardt. Detroit: Gale Research Company, p. 350.

Additional Sources Consulted

Amnesty International Report. Yearly. 1993, 1994.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Yearly. 1994, 1995.

Critique: Review of the Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1993. 1994.

Documentation, Immigration and Research Branch (DIRB), Immigration and Refugee Board [Ottawa]. September 1994. Human Rights Information Package: Pakistan.

DIRB Indexed Media Review [Ottawa]. Weekly. 1994 to present.

The Europa World Year Book. Yearly. 1993.

Far Eastern Economic Review (FEER) [Hong Kong]. Weekly. 1994 to present.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports. Daily. 1994.

The Herald [Karachi]. Monthly. 1994 to present.

Human Rights Commission of Pakistan [Lahore]. The State of Human Rights in Pakistan. Yearly. 1993.

Human Rights Watch World Report. Yearly. 1994.

INS Resource Information Centre [Washington, DC]. November 1993. Profile Series: Pakistan.

Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge]. Monthly. 1994 to present.

Political Parties of the World. 1984.

Refugee, Immigration and Asylum Section (RIAS), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade [Parkes, ACT, Australia]. October 1993. Refugee Determination: Country Profile: Pakistan.

Revolutionary and Dissident Movements: An International Guide. 1991.

On-line search of media sources.