1) In a telephone conversation with the
IRBDC on 13 September 1989, Peter Staniszkis, President of the
Ottawa Branch of the Canadian Polish Congress, stated that
according to information available to him, members of the Freedom
and Peace Movementone such youth group which has an
environmentalist and pacifist orientationare not subject to
arbitrary arrest or harassment. This is due to the fluid political
situation existing in Poland at this time, according to Mr.
Staniszkis. In addition, a broadcast monitored by the BBC on 18
September 1989 notes that The Confederation for an Independent
Poland, Fighting Solidarity, and other independent groups staged
anti-Soviet demonstrations in Katowice and Opole on 15 September
1989. ["Poland: Anti-Soviet demonstrations in Katowice and Opole",
BBC Monitoring Service, Summary of World Broadcasts, 18
September 1989.] The police did not interfere in these
demonstrations, which according to the broadcast, were carried out
by mostly young people. [Ibid.] On the other hand, Radio
Free Europe reports that after a Warsaw court turned down the
application for legalization by the Independent Students'
Association, a demonstration ensued and 17 students were detained
with a number of them complaining of police brutality. ["Weekly
Record of Events 18 to 24 May", Radio Free Europe Research,
26 May 1989.]
2) No information is available to the IRBDC
at the present time regarding the activities in Szczecin of an
organization called Ruch Oporuy Mlodzierzy Na Reczpospolita
Solidarnosc. This name does not appear in Radio Free Europe's most
recent edition of its Annotated Survey of Independent
Associations in Eastern Europe, published on 16 June 1989. The
President of the Canadian Polish Congress (Ottawa Branch), Peter
Staniszkis, informed a Research Officer during a telephone
conversation held on 26 September 1989, that despite contacting
several people familiar with organizations in the Polish city of
Szczecin, no information could be found on this group. However, Mr.
Staniszkis added that it is probable that such a group exists as
part of the anti-Solidarity, anti-Communist opposition in Poland.
The Congress President noted that such groups came into existence
around the time of the Round Table Accords in May 1989 because of
opposition to the agreements made then between Solidarity and the
Communists. These groups are more radical than main-line Solidarity
and have a membership of students in either their last year of
secondary school or their first years of university, and young
workers. The information provided by Mr. Staniszkis can not be
corroborated in published sources at the present time by the
The name of the group may, however, provide
an insight into its political orientation because it mentions the
"Solidarity Republic". This is a component of the oath taken by
members of another Polish opposition group which boycotted the
recent elections, Fighting Solidarity. [Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka,
"Poland's Anticommunist Opposition After the Round Table", Radio
Free Europe Research, 12 May 1989, p. 9.]
For further information on the Solidarity
Republic and Fighting Solidarity, please see the attached copy of
the Radio Free Europe Research for 12 May 1989. In addition,
attached is an excerpt from Radio Free Europe Research for
28 July 1989 which mentions Fighting Solidarity and provides more
details on its political platforms.
"Weekly Record of Events in Eastern
Europe", Radio Free Europe Research, 26 May 1989.
"Poland: Anti-Soviet demonstrations in
Katowice and Opole", BBC Monitoring Service, Summary of World
Broadcasts, 18 September 1989.
"Polish Independent Press Review",
Radio Free Europe Research, 28 July 1989.
Sabbat-Swidlicka, Anna. "Poland's Anti
Communist Opposition After the Round Table", Radio Free Europe
Research, 7 May 1989.
"An Annotated Survey of Independent
Associations in Eastern Europe", Radio Free Europe Research,
16 June 1989. 19-29.