COUNCIL OF EUROPE – GROUP OF STATES AGAINST CORRUPTION (COE – GRECO)
Governments of GRECO member states.
GRECO seeks “to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption by monitoring their compliance with Council of Europe anti-corruption standards through a dynamic process of mutual evaluation and peer pressure. It helps to identify deficiencies in national anti-corruption policies, prompting the necessary legislative, institutional and practical reforms. GRECO also provides a platform for the sharing of best practice in the prevention and detection of corruption.” (CoE GRECO website, http://www.coe.int/t/dg1/greco/general/3.%20What%20is%20GRECO_en.asp, accessed on 16 December 2008).
Scope of reporting:
Geographic focus: all GRECO member states
Thematic focus: Corruption (including related aspects such as immunities, organized crime, money laundering)
The “evaluation procedure” is carried out in cycles (“evaluation rounds”) of three to four years, during which each member State’s anti-corruption efforts are examined. Each round is focused on specific aspects of corruption.
“The analysis of the situation in each country is carried out on the basis of written replies to a questionnaire and information gathered in meetings with public officials and representatives of civil society during an on-site visit to the country. Following the on-site visit, the team of experts drafts a [confidential] report which is communicated to the country under scrutiny for comments before it is finally submitted to GRECO for examination and adoption. The conclusions of evaluation reports may state that legislation and practice comply - or do not comply - with the provisions under scrutiny. The conclusions may lead to recommendations which require action within 18 months or to observations which members are supposed to take into account but are not formally required to report on in the subsequent compliance procedure.” (CoE GRECO website, http://www.coe.int/t/dg1/greco/general/4.%20How%20does%20GRECO%20work_en.asp, accessed on 16 December 2008).
Evaluation reports are published in English and French. Translations into the local language(s) may be available.
Navigation of website:
COI reports can be found under: Documents > 1st/ 2nd evaluation round – Evaluation Reports adopted by GRECO in Plenary.