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15.09.2006 - Source: US Department of State
Estimations on population, demography and population movements during civil war ("International Religious Freedom Report 2006") [ID 17551]
"Sudan has an estimated population of 41 million and an area of 967,500 square miles. Exact population and demographic data were unavailable due to the long civil war, and there were no recent census figures. An estimated two-thirds to three-fourths of the population lived in the fifteen states of the North and were generally from Arabic-speaking Semitic groups. The remaining one-fourth to one-third of the population lived in the South and were mostly Nilotic peoples, some of whom have adopted English as a common language. More than four million internally displaced persons (IDPs) fled from the South to the North during the long civil war. Although several hundred thousand returned to the South after the CPA, many more still lived in and around northern cities."
10.2004 - Source: UK Home Office
Main ethnic groups ("Sudan Country Report - October 2004") [#26961], [ID 12076]
Main Ethnic Groups Arab Ethnic Groups (mostly northern Sudan and parts of central and southern Sudan) Baggara, Batahin, Beni Helba, Budairia, Dar Hamid, Habbania, Hamar, Hamr, Hassania, Hawasma, Hawawir, Jawamia, Kababisch, Kawahila, Kinana, Jaalin, Jim, Manasir, Masiria, Musallmia, Rubatab, Rufaa, Ruzaikat, Schaikia, Schukria, Selim, Taaischa Non-Arab Ethnic Groups Collectively known as the Beja (north east Sudan) Amarar, Beni Amer, Bischarin, Hadendoa Black Ethnic Groups (north west Sudan) Dago, Fur, Maba, Massaleit, Tama, Zaghawa Black Ethnic Groups Collectively Known as the Nubians (central and part of northern Sudan) Anag, Barabra, Birked, Danagla, Dilling, Mahas, Midobi Black Ethnic Groups Collectively Known as the Nuba (central Sudan) Kadugli, Katla, Koalib, Krongo, Nemyang or Nyima, Tagoi, Temeini Black Ethnic Groups (central and southern Sudan) Baka, Bongo, Kreisch, Ndogo Black Ethnic Groups (southern Sudan) Acholi, Anuak, Azande, Banda, Bari, Berta or Schankalla, Dinka, Karamojo, Koma, Lango, Lotuko, Luo, Madi, Mangbetu, Moru, Mundu, Murle or Molen, Nuer, Schilluk, Sere, Turkana
03.2003 - Source: US Department of State
Population ("03/2003 - US State Department: Background Notes on Sudan") [ID 12077]
"Nationality: Noun and adjective (sing. and pl.)--Sudanese.
Population (2000 est.) 30 million; 30%-33% urban.
Annual growth rate (2000 est.) 2.8%.
Ethnic groups: Arab-African, black African.
Religions: Islam (official), indigenous beliefs (southern Sudan), Christianity.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, tribal languages.
Education: Years compulsory--8. Attendance--35%-40%. Literacy--30%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--99/1,000. Life expectancy--52 yrs.
Work force: Agriculture--86%; industry and commerce--9%; government--5%."
Worldfactbook - Population ("CIA Worldfactbook 2002 - Sudan") [ID 12078]
"Population: 37,090,298 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.2% (male 8,385,554; female 8,023,847)
15-64 years: 53.6% (male 9,945,683; female 9,933,383)
65 years and over: 2.2% (male 447,214; female 354,617) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.73% (2002 est.)
Birth rate: 37.21 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate: 9.81 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 67.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 57.33 years
female: 58.5 years (2002 est.)
male: 56.22 years
Ethnic groups: black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
Religions: Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)
total population: 46.1%
female: 34.6% (1995 est.)"
CIA Worldfactbook 2002 - Sudan